Alternative, Complementary and Integrative Health articles written by some of the most beloved, respected, outrageous and progressive healers and thinkers in the global healthcare field today! Hundreds of topics are covered, including articles on health maladies, disorders and therapies. Some of the topics covered include Aromatherapy, Herbal Medicine, Acupuncture, Exercise, Nutrition and Lifestyle Changes, Energy Medicine, Crystals and Homeopathy. You may access other health topics, all organized alphabetically.
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by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Tuning in to any energy is the ability to quiet the mind, allowing
your inner self, or intuition, to perceive truth. By practicing this art, we develop a sensitivity toward inner information and the ability to condition our mind to listen on a much more subtle level. This developing can allow us the ability to sense energy and actually perceive on an even more subconscious plane.
Techniques are vast and varied and include personal energy work, meditation, yoga, qi gong, visualization, physical exercise, prayer or your own personal
techniques, all of which can be used in calming and clearing the mind and achieving clearer perception. Greater self control and self balance, awareness, inner peace and connective energy to the source of truth are all important in the path to attunement.
As our minds are conditioned to listen in silence, responses come quicker and clearer to us.
Crystals Associated with Intuition
The power behind Earth's minerals can be felt the minute you put a crystal in your hands or near your physical body. Crystals are the treasures of the earth. These stones are filled with energy to be
used. Some of the best crystals for intuition include: Blue Lace Agate, Charoite, Hematite, Kyanite, Malachite, Moldavite, Petalite, Phenacite and Tiger's Eye.
Blue Lace Agate helps to focus on the inner source of love within you
that transforms and heals all wounds. Contains the qualities of
flight, air, movement, and grace. Highly inspirational when working
with the inner self. Works well with not only the Throat Chakra, but
the Heart, Third Eye and Crown Chakra. These stones (along with
malachite) assist in left/right-brain balance. Therefore, those who
feel stuck in their logical, rational selves can rebalance so that
they may hear their intuitive voices.
Charoite is the stone of transformation. Charoite helps seeing old
patterns with new possibilities. It is believed to open the heart,
allow inspiration, encourage service, and grants us the ability for
seeing more clearly (mentally, physically, psychically). It is
believed that this stone brings about faster healing. Some find it
useful for entity release work. Most effective on the upper centers
of energy, which are the Heart, Brow and Crown Chakra to
transmute/lift us out of troubled or stuck emotions and most of all,
fear. This brings about vibrational change and therefore stimulates
the Aura. Use this stone for transforming negative energies into
acceptance. Use Charoite to assist in the foresight and ability to
improve your intuitive vision.
Hematite is the most recommended stone for grounding
and is associated with the Root Chakra, by encourages ones survival
instincts and is centering. Hematite condenses scattered feelings,
turns fuzziness into mental clarity, enhances concentration, memory,
practicality, helps those who study, do bookkeeping, detailed work
and helps with sound sleep. Considered the symbol of life energy,
hematite allows for more confidence, will power and boldness. Helps
us adjust to being physical. A protective stone and helps bolster low
self-esteem. Hematite is known to deflect negativity. It restores
equilibrium, stability and is also used for astral protection. It
brings our awareness back to the body and helps one maintain their
sense of self.
Kyanite is considered the "Earth Stone" due to its
soothing earth tone colors, as well as its grounding and tranquil
nature. The healing benefits depend on the color it comes in. Blue
Kyanite is most effective when placed on the Throat Chakra in order
to open the throat for communication and self expression. On the Brow
(Third Eye) Chakra, it enhances psychic images, foresight,
consciousness and meditation. Kyanite is used to answer questions,
especially in imagery, such as in vision, dreams or written
interpretations. It brings out our natural ability to manifest things
into reality via thoughts and visualization.
Lapis Lazuli is a powerful thought-amplifier, lapis is helpful in aligning all the elements of the body and mind. Can increase psychic abilities and will open the third eye. Can guide you in teh direction of mental and spiritual purity. It should be worn as close to the body as possible so that the energy of the wearer is drawn upward.
Malachite stimulates physical and psychic vision and concentration.
Use for the heart and solar plexus centers. These stones (along with
blue lace agate) assist in left/right-brain balance. Therefore, those
who feel stuck in their logical, rational selves can rebalance so
that they may hear their intuitive voices.
Moldavite can powerfully expand psychic abilities, channeling. On
Heart Chakra. Eases longing to leave earth. On pillow, brow, crown:
Telepathic access to spiritual laws, info from higher regions/places
to help us and Earth to be healthier and more spiritual.
Petalite is highly spiritual. It has been called
the "stone of the Angels " and will help one connect with one's
guides. It is also said to dissolve negativity and black magic
spells. Petalite has been used on vision quests for strength,
protection, and peace. It will balance one's yin/yang qualities as
well as one's mind, body, and spirit. It also enhances one's ability
to feel energy in stones.
Phenacite is a powerfully loving, healing, spiritual stone. Clearer
stones intensely opens 3rd eye, Crown and Transpersonal Chakra as a
white light channel. Clairvoyance/spiritual communication,
meditation, astral travel, journeys. Helps one to map out a pathway
within the dimensions. Energizes meridians and healing of other
stones. It is a powerful stone for clearing and activating the
chakras, in particular, the Third Eye and Crown chakras. It helps one
to go further in meditation, and gives a deep awareness of one's
inner structures, the chakras in particular. Phenacite in general can
be used to amplify the energies of other stones used for healing, and
to balance energy within one.
Tiger's Eye is most recognized for bringing money, psychic
protection, courage, luck confidence, willpower, clear thinking and
speaking to show us the personal power in life that we have. Very
versatile for the Yellow/Solar Plexus and Crown Chakra. Tiger's Eye
works on our mental plane by amplifying thinking and manifesting what
you think about. Helps separate thoughts from feelings, more
centered, less emotional. Tiger's Eye allows us to recognize both our
talents and our faults. It can reveal your true needs without our
self-serving or rigid mental attitudes getting in the way. Use
Tiger's Eye with malachite or pearl to benefit from their synergy for
mental/emotional balance and true understanding. This stone helps
change anxiety, fear and obsessiveness into practicality and logic.
Has the grounding energy of the earth, but is embellished with a
glowing warmth. A stone for people who need more confidence to
accomplish their goals. Draws helpful people and material things to
the wearer. Centers energy and mental focus. This stone helps us to
find our closest version of perfectionism without obsessive behavior.
Honoring All Hallow's Eve
Halloween originated from the Pagan festival Samhain, celebrated
among the Celts of Ireland and Great Britain. Irish and Scottish
immigrants carried versions of the tradition to North America in the
The term Halloween (and its alternative rendering Hallowe'en) is
shortened from All-hallow-even, as it is the eve of "All Hallows'
Day", also which is now known as All Saints' Day. It was a day of
religious festivities in various northern European Pagan traditions,
 until Popes Gregory III and Gregory IV moved the old Christian
feast of All Saints' Day from May 13 to November 1. In the ninth
century, the Church measured the day as starting at sunset, in
accordance with the Florentine calendar. Although All Saints' Day is
now considered to occur one day after Halloween, the two holidays
were, at that time, celebrated on the same day. Liturgically, the
Church traditionally celebrated that day as the Vigil of All Saints,
and, until 1970, a day of fasting as well. Like other vigils, it was
celebrated on the previous day if it fell on a Sunday, although
secular celebrations of the holiday remained on the 31st. The Vigil
was suppressed in 1955, but was later restored in the post-Vatican II
calendar. Many European cultural traditions, in particular Celtic cultures,
hold that Halloween is one of the liminal times of the year when
spirits can make contact with the physical world, and when magic is
1. Simpson, John; Weiner, Edmund (1989). Oxford English Dictionary,
second, London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-861186-2.
2. a b Danaher, Kevin (1972) The Year in Ireland: Irish Calendar
Customs Dublin, Mercier. ISBN 1-85635-093-2 pp.190-232
3. Wikipedia definition: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
It is that time again. The time for all your ghosts, goblins and neighborhood witches to come a knockin'.
When finding treats for your guests, you may want to consider low- calorie, low-fat options. Snacks that are fun and good for your kid's health is a win-win situation. Halloween/holiday packaging has even become more creative in recent years to add to the enticement value. You may want to consider
100% Juice boxes
Cheese and cracker snacks
Organic candied apples
Dark Chocolate treats
Popcorn or popcorn balls
Low sugar cookies, pumpkin muffins or peanut butter drops (see below)
There are great non-food treats you can offer such as rubber spiders or worms, stickers, baseball cards, balloons, crazy top pencils, crayons, colored chalk, comic erasers and whistles.
Make sure all your treats are individually wrapped. Even the non-food goods. If you buy in bulk, you can find great little gift bags you can fill and then close them up with a twist or steam seal. Tag your goodies with a note with your name and address. This eases the mind's of fellow parents.
Safety Comes First
Be sure your kid's costumes are flame-resistant. If there is a mask with the costume, be sure they have plenty of breathing room and make sure the mask does not obstruct their view. Comfortable shoes are important to avoid blisters and accessories should be kept to a minimum, the younger the child is.
Be sure and impose the basic rules:
1. If not accompanied by a parent, be sure kids travel in groups.
2. Keep on sidewalks as much as possible. If there are no sidewalks, stay to the extreme side of the road.
3. Carrying a flashlight or glowstick.
4. Reflective stickers can added to costumes and shoes.
5. Visit homes that you know. Most people will keep a light on the front porch as a welcome indicator.
6. Be sure to tell the kids to always be pleasant, courteous and thankful.
7. It is always a good precaution to examine all treats before letting your children eat them to be sure they have not been tampered with. Be sure packaged candies are unopened and fruits and vegetables are in good condition. Cut all fruit in quarters before opening.
8. If you are inviting guests, turn on your front light or decorate your front door to make it inviting to guests. Make sure your front door is not cluttered with objects that children may trip over. If you have pets, be sure they are secured away from the door.
9. Halloween parties at home can alleviate fears of your kids going outside, especially if it happens to be bad weather.
10. Remember: safety comes first.
These are some great suggestions that the kids can help you make, if you have kids. You can also have a great time making them yourself for your little guests (or even your big guests!)
Scary Pizza Faces
Let kids arrange sliced olives, green peppers, mushrooms, pepperoni, and other things on English muffins brushed with tomato sauce. Top with grated cheese for "hair" and heat in the microwave or oven until the cheese melts.
Bat Droppings: Peanut Butter Drops
1 jar reduced fat Peanut Butter
1 box confectioner's sugar
Blend 4 heaping tablespoons of peanut butter with 3 teaspoons confectioner's sugar. Add a little water of it is too binding. Then drop on a cookie sheet and bake at 350� F for 10 minutes.
Ghoulish Ghosts: Quick Pumpkin Cupcakes
1 box regular yellow or vanilla cake mix, 2-layer-size
1 Tablespoon oil
2/3 cup canned pumpkin
1-1/2 teaspoons pumpkin pie spice
1 cup water or apple juice
1 can ready made frosting or Light Cool Whip
Canned low-fat vanilla frosting
Black or orange jelly beans
Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Spray each muffin cup with nonstick cooking spray or use paper cupcake liners. Blend the cake mix with the eggs, oil, pumpkin, pumpkin pie spice, and the water or juice with mixer at low speed until moistened. Beat at medium speed for 2 minutes. Spoon into the prepared muffin pan. Bake 18 minutes or until done. Cool in pan completely before frosting. Pile the frosting/whip cream very high on the cupcake to resemble a ghost. Kids will love to decorate these cupcakes. Makes about 18 cupcakes.
Monster Brains: Halloween Cereal Balls
1/4 cup Smart Balance margarine or butter
1 package (10 oz.) marshmallows
2 Tablespoons orange-flavored gelatin
6 cups crisp rice cereal
1/2 cup candy corn
Combine margarine and marshmallows in 2-quart glass bowl. Microwave or heat in oven, uncovered, 2 1/2 to 3 minutes or until marshmallows are puffed. Add orange gelatin; mix until combined. Stir in cereal until well coated. Mix in candy corn. Cool enough to handle. With buttered hands, form mixture into 24 balls. Place on waxed paper until cool. Wrap tightly in plastic wrap for storage. Tips: Pieces of cut black licorice can be substituted for candy corn. Mixture can be pressed into greased 13x9-inch baking pan and cut into squares for serving. Per Serving: 85 calories, 1 g. protein, 2 g. fat, 119 mg. sodium, 0 mg. cholesterol.
Vampire Bites: Garlic Puffs (better for adults)
Make your own dough or substitute homemade dough with ready made pop up croissants or rolls.
Roll out the dough and spoon in fresh or chopped garlic.
Roll them up and place them on a cookie tray.
Place them in a pre-heated oven at 350� F for 10-15 minutes.
Enjoy the holiday!
by Vincent Gill
A Famous physician once said that laughter is the best medicine.
"Doctor, I can't stop singing Diamonds are a girl's best friend."
"That sounds like Shirley Bassey Syndrome."
"Is it common?" "Its Not Unusual..."
The medical profession is quite tickled by the concept of Laughter as
medicine. New research seems to be endorsing the ancient wisdom that
laughter is jolly good medicine!
This idea that the mind can control the body is not a new one. So it would logically follow that your thoughts become your personal reality.
Some people are satisfied having enough health to live comfortably, while others want to break world records.
Some are willing to work hard, while others hope it will fall into their lap like winning the lottery...
Beyond The Secret
The movie-documentary, "The Secret," skillfully promotes the Law of Attraction and the idea that your thoughts become your reality. In other words -- the more you focus on what you really want in your life, the more likely it will manifest.
So if you are pessimistic, careless or naive, guess what you'll get...
Abundance in love, laughter and health is natural and desirable. If a
person is unhealthy when they could choose vibrant health, then they are
probably naive, or have some issue in their psyche that is blocking the
My own secret of abundant health recognizes that work is necessary,
but it makes the work easy. Finding enjoyable ways to stay healthy is the
key to a life of physical and spiritual abundance. (more about this later)
There is a saying: "If you always do what you've always done, you'll always get what you always got."
As an adult, you make choices every day. If you are not satisfied with your health, you need to make different choices.
Good health is like having money in the bank - it is a matter of balance.
In these more enlightened days of easy access to information, it is now possible to make better informed choices that will enable you to halt or even reverse the deterioration in your health, step-by-step.
I found that in order to move forward, I had to make many changes, but as the saying goes: 'A journey of a thousand miles starts with the first step.'
Maybe this is your first or second or... step. Whether or not you've heard or read this kind of information before, I know from experience that it helps to be reminded from time to time, because we often get distracted
and forget what we need to be doing to stay healthy.
Healing requires change
A change of perspective or moving to a new location -- a holiday or a
change of habits -- further education -- a new job or hobby -- an exercise
routine or a change of diet and so on.
"Energy flows where attention goes."
So if you focus more on detecting and healing the root cause, then you
can begin to improve your body and mind. This process allows you to
interact and have more fun, which is the ultimate reason for doing
Very often people have the right MOTIVATION but the wrong
INFORMATION. A lot of busy people want better health, more time and
energy, but they don�t have the right information that will enable them to
get quick and long lasting results.
My own experience tells me that there are three basic steps to achieving
your goals whether it's better health, financial independence or anything
1 Get the right information
2 Make the right plan
3 Take the right action
I discovered many health secrets after I decided to take responsibility and investigate the root cause and remedy for my own (incurable) ailments.
Following your 'inner joy'
This may sound like an overused cliche but it is actually one of the main
keys to vibrant health. It all starts with a key question. Given that you
have free choice: "What is the most exciting thing that I could possibly be
doing right now to improve my health?"
If you have tried and failed using conventional methods, investigate alternative solutions. Talk to different health professionals. You can surf the Internet, visit alternative health forums or post a question.
What usually gets in the way of making improvements are busy
schedules, self-limiting beliefs and negative attitudes like skepticism, fear
and or a lack of self-esteem. So, maybe you need you may need
professional help to get the most inspired and results possible.
In order to by-pass the critic in your head, try asking that key question
(What is the most exciting thing...) before you fall asleep tonight. That
way, your inner possibilities can come forward into your conscious mind
without being filtered out.
Then, find a way to do that most exciting possibility. Ask yourself: "What
steps can I take to make it a reality?" Write them down as they come into
your head over the next few days, then go over the list and prioritize.
Determine what actions are the most important in moving toward your
goal. Find ways to dissolve self-limiting beliefs and attitudes so that you
can act upon your inner joy.
To follow your inner joy is to live holistically because you are acting with
more of your complete self. It lightens up your spirit, allowing you to
function at a higher level of consciousness.
Abundant health flows because you are in the natural flow of giving
service to others.
Here are some of the most important considerations:
1. Unresolved stress is the main reason why people become ill. Find out
how to manage stress in your body, home and work environment.
2. Take time to read -- It is the foundation of knowledge.
3. Incorporate regular fun activities into your daily routine.
4. Do one thing at a time (easier said than done).
6. Rest and play more often.
7.Take time to help strangers and friends -- It is the source of happiness.
8. Take time to give joyfully. Remember that everything you do, comes back on you.
9. Get a hobby if you don't already have one.
10. Model your career on your favourite role model.
11. Eat a variety of healthy foods.
12. Fasting in the Spring and Autumn gives your overworked digestion a
13. Develop a deep sense of appreciation for the simple things in life.
14. Take time to laugh -- It unburdens a heavy heart.
And: "Always look on the bright side of life - lala-lala-lala-lala!"
"If life seems jolly rotten, there's something you've forgotten, and that's to
laugh and dance and smile and sing. If you feel down in the dumps, don't
be silly chumps, just purse your lips and whistle; that's the thing! "
Wishing you and yours the best of health!
Vincent Gill is a member of the Natural Health Council and I live in Cork City, Ireland. From a very young age, I demonstrated a talent for fixing anything that was broken.
As a former chronically ill patient, now a stress consultant, health
researcher and journalist, I have written books and articles in order to pass
on the benefits of my experience and the results of leading-edge scientific
research in the fields of natural healing and self-improvement.
You can find more useful articles and resources on Vincent's Squidoo
website lense: http://www.squidoo.com/best-healthsecrets-ever
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Non compliance is one of the biggest issues health care practitioners face today. It even happens among ourselves. Practitioner or not, we all have some degree of this. There is a resistance to not taking better care of ourselves! I hear these excuses in my practice daily:
"I want to get better/exercise/eat right... I just don't have the time/money/energy".
"I can't remember to take my herbs or supplements!"
"I just can't afford the treatments".
Translates to: I don't love myself enough. I am not worthy. I don't deserve to feel better. I choose to neglect myself. I don't really want to get better. How will I get sympathy and attention if I am not sick?
Resistance to change, being unaware, making assumptions or preconceived ideas, fear, as well as our own belief systems are the most notable culprits when it comes to non compliance.
1. Try the 3 M's: Get motivated, get moving, get out the mirror!
2. Motivating ourselves is the fire, which jump starts our actions. Find a good reason to be motivated...good health, better career, a new relationship....whatever your reason, make your choice and stick to it! Then use tools to get you motivated. Try inspiring music, the power of scent (lemon, orange, floral scents) or a more mind centering process like yoga, meditation or hypnosis.
3. Moving is the action to your motivation! There is a mountain of proof that movement is the best thing for mind, body and spirit. Moving helps with depression, increases our cardiovascular system, moves energy (Qi) and blood, stimulates the brain, increases hormone production and takes us from one place to the next. Use movement as a tool.
4. A mirror is a reflection of ourselves. How many times have we seen ourselves in others, both the good and the bad. A mirror is also a great tool. A mirror will tell you the truth. Look into one. What do you see? Since it can reflect back our true self, take advantage of its power and speak your positive affirmations into it. An affirmation is a word, phrase or statement asserting the existence or the truth of something. It is the act of affirming, asserting or stating something. Speaking your affirmation into the mirror is the best way to make your words a reality.
5. Be More Aware: Learn what your resistance is about. Why are you not "taking your herbs", "listening to other's opinions instead of your practitioner's advise" or not "finding time to do your exercises"? Look inside yourself (try the mirror by speaking the truth into it). What do you see. Is it a deep seated belief holding you back? Is it the lack of self love, self respect, self discipline? Whatever the reason....acknowledge it. Do not judge it. See it for what it is....an obstacle in the way of change. A blockage that is not allowing you to transform. What is the reason behind this belief?
6. Make Room for Change: Make it a nourishing, self respecting place for change to take place in your mind. In the same way, create a life affirming, positive path to reach your goal. Make no excuses. Procrastination is the bi-product of feeling unworthy. Self worth leads us in the right direction.
7. A lack of awareness + not being grounded + being unfamiliar = FEAR. Become familiar with what your goal is. Once you are familiar with the reasons why your goal is important and familiar with the information you did not know or understand about your goal, this takes the fear out of it! Take initiative and responsibility in seeing your true goal through to completion.
Once you are familiar, there is less fear and you become more grounded in your approach.
8. Make Every Effort: to do something each day that brings you closer to your goal. You will do this now, because you understand why you want to reach this goal, what it means to you and the fear behind it is gone. You will make the effort now because your are aware of the fact that you love and respect yourself more and deserve to make the effort.
9. The Honoring of Ourselves: is something we tend to lose sight of, especially as we grow older. "Excuse instead of action" seems to be the norm, instead of the exception. Honoring everyone else first (husband, wife, children, family, friends, colleagues) is the path we so often go down first, before we take care of our own needs. If you are not in tip top (mind, body, spirit) shape, how can you effectively care for others?
10. The attaining of your goal is one of the most rewarding and self gratifying accomplishments we can do for ourselves. And guess what? You deserve every single bit of it!
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
A blood clot is the most common cause of a blocked coronary artery.
Usually, the artery is already partially narrowed by atheromas. An
atheroma may rupture or tear, narrowing the artery further and making
blockage by a clot more likely. The ruptured atheroma not only
reduces the flow of blood through an artery but also releases
substances that make platelets stickier, further encouraging clots to
Uncommonly, a heart attack results when a clot forms in the heart
itself, breaks away, and lodges in a coronary artery. Another
uncommon cause is a spasm of a coronary artery that stops blood flow.
Spasms may be caused by drugs. Sometimes the cause is unknown.
Heart Attack: Myocardial Infarction (MI)
Signs and Symptoms present as pain that is crushing, tightness,
squeezing, band-like, radiating, cyanosis, sweating, cold, "clenching
fist over heart", pain in the ear, umbilicus, jaw, teeth, back, arm,
hand pain (often on the ulnar side), autonomic response of vomiting,
nausea or a feeling of impending doom.
About one third of people who have a heart attack do not have chest
pain. Such people are more likely to be women, people who are not
white, those who are older than 75, those who have heart failure or
diabetes, or those who have had a stroke.
Heart attack symptoms for women can be slightly different and present with a feeling of faintness, sudden heavy sweating, nausea, shortness of breath and a heavy pounding of the heart.
Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) occur in more than 90% of people
who have had a heart attack. Immediately and up to a few days after a
heart attack, abnormal heart rhythms are a common reason that the
heart cannot pump adequately. Abnormal heart rhythms originating in
the ventricles (ventricular arrhythmias) may greatly interfere with
the heart's pumping ability or may cause the heart to stop pumping
effectively (cardiac arrest). A loss of consciousness or death can
result. Sometimes loss of consciousness is the first symptom of a
If you suspect a heart attack, seek emergency medical treatment
immediately. Should a heart attack occur, you should go to the
emergency room and seek help immediately. Time is of essence. Only
examination by a doctor, who will administer an electrocardiogram
(EKG) and/or a blood test, can confirm if you are having a heart
The most important thing to do if you think you are having heart
Dial 911 to call an ambulance or get to a hospital emergency room as
quickly as possible so the doctor can examine and treat you.
Crush or chew a full-strength aspirin (swallow with a glass of water)
to prevent further blood clotting.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a combination of rescue
breathing and chest compressions delivered to victims thought to be
in cardiac arrest. When cardiac arrest occurs, the heart stops
pumping blood. CPR can support a small amount of blood flow to the
heart and brain to "buy time" until normal heart function is
To learn CPR properly, take an accredited first-aid training course,
including CPR and how to use an automatic external defibrillator
Before you begin, assess the situation before starting CPR:
Is the person conscious or unconscious?
If the person appears unconscious, tap or shake his or her shoulder
and ask loudly, "Are you OK?"
If the person doesn't respond and two people are available, one
should call 911 or the local emergency number and one should begin
If you are alone and have immediate access to a telephone, call 911
before beginning CPR unless you think the person has become
unresponsive because of suffocation (such as from drowning). In this
special case, begin CPR for one minute and then call 911.
If an AED is immediately available, deliver one shock if advised by
the device, then begin CPR.
The Stayin' Alive CPR technique
In 2005, Dr. Alson Inaba, a pediatric emergency specialist at the University of Hawaii, discovered how music could make a powerful and life-altering connection. After the American Heart Association came out with new guidelines for CPR of Dr. Inaba wanted to get the word out that pushing hard and fast on the center on the chest yields the best results.
The Bee Gees song "Stayin' Alive" has good reason to remember it: because it could save someone's life. The 1977 disco hit has 103 beats per minute, a perfect number to maintain and retain the best rhythm for performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
The CPR-music connection: A small study by University of Illinois College of Medicine researchers in Peoria found that 10 doctors and five medical students who listened to the "Saturday Night Fever" song while practicing CPR not only performed perfectly, they remembered the technique five weeks later.
Participants in the study listening to the song performing CPR at the recommended rate, about 100 beats per minute. Five weeks later, without the music, they performed at 113 beats a minute, which is within an acceptable range.
Remember the ABCs
Think ABC : Airway, Breathing and Circulation to remember the steps
explained below. Move quickly through Airway and Breathing to begin
AIRWAY: Clear the airway
Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
Kneel next to the person's neck and shoulders.
Open the person's airway using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. Put
your palm on the person's forehead and gently tilt the head back.
Then with the other hand, gently lift the chin forward to open the
Check for normal breathing, taking no more than five or 10 seconds:
Look for chest motion, listen for breath sounds, and feel for the
person's breath on your cheek and ear. Gasping is not considered to
be normal breathing.
If the person isn't breathing normally and you are trained in CPR,
begin mouth-to-mouth breathing. If you believe the person is
unconscious from a heart attack and you haven't been trained in
emergency procedures, skip mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing and
proceed directly to chest compression.
BREATHING: Breathe for the person
Rescue breathing can be mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose
breathing if the mouth is seriously injured or can't be opened.
With the airway open (using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver) pinch
the nostrils shut for mouth-to-mouth breathing and cover the person's
mouth with yours, making a seal.
Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath �
lasting one second � and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does
rise, give the second breath. If the chest doesn't rise, repeat the
head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver and then give the second breath.
Begin chest compressions to restore circulation.
CIRCULATION: Restore blood circulation with chest compressions
Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest,
between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand.
Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above
Use your upper body weight (not just your arms) as you push straight
down on (compress) the chest 2 inches (approximately 5 centimeters).
Push hard and push fast � give two compressions per second, or about
120 compressions per minute.
After 30 compressions, tilt the head back and lift the chin up to
open the airway. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Pinch the nose
shut and breathe into the mouth for one second. If the chest rises,
give a second rescue breath. If the chest doesn't rise, repeat the
head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver and then give the second rescue breath.
That's one cycle. If someone else is available, ask that person to
give two breaths after you do 30 compressions.
If the person has not begun moving after five cycles (about two
minutes) and an automatic external defibrillator (AED) is available,
apply it and follow the prompts.
The American Heart Association recommends administering one shock,
then resuming CPR - starting with chest compressions - for two more
minutes before administering a second shock.
If you're not trained to use an AED, a 911 operator may be able to
guide you in its use. Trained staff at many public places are also
able to provide and use an AED.
Continue CPR until there are signs of movement or until emergency
medical personnel take over.
by The Cleveland Clinic
With the help of these nutrition experts from The Cleveland Clinic and the American Dietetic Association, we've put together a list of the "best of the best" heart-healthy foods. The foods listed here are all top-performers in protecting your heart and blood vessels. You can easily bring heart-healthy foods into your daily breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
1.Salmon: Omega-3 fatty acids.
Grill salmon with a yummy rub or marinade. Save a chunk to chop for a pasta or salad later on.
2.Flaxseed (ground): Omega-3 fatty acids; fiber, phytoestrogens.
Ground flaxseed hides easily in all sorts of foods -- yogurt parfaits, morning cereal, homemade muffins, or cookies.
3.Oatmeal: Omega-3 fatty acids; magnesium; potassium; folate; niacin; calcium; soluble fiber. Top hot oatmeal with fresh berries. Oatmeal-and-raisin cookies are a hearty treat.
4.Black or Kidney Beans: B-complex vitamins; niacin; folate; magnesium; omega-3 fatty acids; calcium; soluble fiber.
Give soup or salad a nutrient boost -- stir in some beans.
5.Almonds; Plant omega-3 fatty acids; vitamin E; magnesium; fiber; heart-favorable mono- and polyunsaturated fats; phytosterols.
Mix a few almonds (and berries) into low-fat yogurt, trail mix, or fruit salads.
6.Walnuts: Plant omega-3 fatty acids; vitamin E; magnesium; folate; fiber; heart-favorable mono- and polyunsaturated fats; phytosterols.
Walnuts add flavorful crunch to salads, pastas, cookies, muffins, even pancakes.
7.Red wine Catechins and reservatrol (flavonoids).: Toast your good health! A glass of red wine could improve "good" HDL cholesterol.
8.Tuna: Omega-3 fatty acids; folate; niacin.
Here's lunch: Salad greens, fresh fruit, canned tuna. Keep "Salad
Spritzer" - a light dressing -- in your office fridge.
9.Tofu: Niacin; folate; calcium; magnesium; potassium.
Tasty tofu is easy: Thinly slice "firm" tofu, marinate several hours, grill or stir-fry.
10.Brown rice: B-complex vitamins; fiber; niacin; magnesium, fiber.
Microwavable brown rice makes a quick lunch. Stir in a few chopped veggies (broccoli, carrots, spinach).
11.Soy milk; Isoflavones (a flavonoid); B-complex vitamins; niacin; folate, calcium; magnesium; potassium; phytoestrogens.
Soy milk is great over oatmeal or whole-grain cereal. Or, make a smoothie with soy milk.
12.Blueberries: Beta-carotene and lutein (carotenoids); anthocyanin (a flavonoid); ellagic acid (a polyphenol); vitamin C; folate; calcium, magnesium; potassium; fiber. Cranberries, strawberries, raspberries are potent, too -- for trail mixes, muffins, salads!
13.Carrots; Alpha-carotene (a carotenoid); fiber.
Baby carrots are sweet for lunch. Sneak shredded carrots into spaghetti sauce or muffin batter.
14.Spinach: Lutein (a carotenoid); B-complex vitamins; folate; magnesium; potassium; calcium; fiber.
Pick spinach (not lettuce) for nutrient-packed salads and sandwiches.
15.Broccoli: Beta-carotene (a carotenoid); Vitamins C and E; potassium; folate; calcium; fiber. Chop fresh broccoli into store-bought soup. For a veggie dip, try hummus (chickpeas).
16.Sweet potato: Beta-carotene (a carotenoid); vitamins A, C, E; fiber.
Microwave in a zip-lock baggie for lunch. Eat au naturale, or with pineapple bits.
17.Red bell peppers: Beta-carotene and lutein (carotenoids); B-complex vitamins; folate; potassium; fiber. Rub with olive oil, and grill or oven-roast until tender. Delicious in wraps, salads, sandwiches.
18.Asparagus: Beta-carotene and lutein (carotenoids); B-complex vitamins; folate; fiber. Grill or steam slightly, then dress with olive oil and lemon. It's a pretty side dish.
19.Oranges: Beta-cryptoxanthin, beta- and alpha-carotene, lutein (carotenoids) and flavones (flavonoids); vitamin C; potassium; folate; fiber. Got orange juice? Check out the new nutrient-packed blends.
20.Tomatoes: Beta- and alpha-carotene, lycopene, lutein (carotenoids); vitamin C; potassium; folate; fiber. For a flavor twist, try oil-packed tomatoes in sandwiches, salads, pastas, pizzas.
21.Acorn squash: Beta-carotene and lutein (carotenoids); B-complex and C vitamins; folate; calcium; magnesium; potassium; fiber. Baked squash is comfort food on a chilly day. Serve with sautÃ©ed spinach, pine nuts, raisins.
22.Cantaloupe: Alpha- and beta-carotene and lutein (carotenoids); B-complex and C vitamins; folate; potassium; fiber. A fragrant ripe cantaloupe is perfect for breakfast, lunch, potluck dinners. Simply cut and enjoy!
23.Papaya: Beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein (carotenoids); Vitamins C and E; folate; calcium; magnesium; potassium. Serve papaya salsa with salmon: Mix papaya, pineapple, scallions, garlic, fresh lime juice, salt and black pepper.
24.Dark chocolate: Reservatrol and cocoa phenols (flavonoids).
A truffle a day lowers blood pressure, but choose 70% or higher cocoa content.
25.Tea: Catechins and flavonols (flavonoids). Make sun tea: Combine a clear glass jar, several tea bags, and hours of sunshine.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
I often get questions every week about how to run your business as a healer.
As I was a professional dancer for 15 years
, I would constantly see and work with some of the most brilliant artist in the business!
They were great at their art but when it came to balancing a check
book, most of my friends could not even do that! Let alone negotiate
a contract or work with any type of financial undertakings.
As a healer, I see the same pattern. Many healers are amazing at the "art of healing" but have trouble when it comes to the business aspect of our art.
As healers, we all tend to be empathic
and many times feel what the client is experiencing.
We are often swayed by this empathy and feel guilty for asking for money when healing others.
You are a professional
and this should justify any doubts in your
mind. You have spent probably a small fortune for schooling. Not to mention a great amount of time in learning your craft. Learning how to heal is a life time of experiences. Clients come to you BECAUSE
you are professional and this brings up other issues as well.
Professional mannerism. Professional presentation. Professional space. Professional demeanor. Do you have this in order?
about what you are doing are very important as to what you
portray to your client. The "Alternative Medicine" practice has many stigmatism's attached to it....good and bad. If you don't believe in what your doing, why should your client.
of what someone should charge for a healing session or healing products comes up often in my seminars. This always comes down to two concepts:
Self worth and Competitive price.
Competitive pricing is, of course a very logical concern. Pricing is confined to individual regions. It is always considered a good idea to find the price range for which your goods and services is being provided. If the highest rate is $120.00 per session and the lowest rate is $80.00, it is always good to fall at either end or somewhere between these guidelines when coming up with a price for YOUR service or your products.
Which leads me to Self Worth. Your self worth. I often find that healers will charge BELOW what they feel they are worth. Simply for their reason of "lack of self worth."
I always hear comments like,
"No one will pay for something as ethereal as that..."
"I don't want to out price myself..."
"I don't think people will pay me for that..."
"I'm not good enough to charge those prices..."
If you do not charge
for what you love doing and feel will make you
happy, then eventually this regret will effect your drive and love for healing. Effect how you treat your clients and effect your overall performance as a professional. If you are not happy, no one else around you will be either.
Often time, you have two extremes. You will find clients who will pay a high price for your service because they feel a high rate equals the best quality. The other end of the spectrum is always the
bargain hunter who will always go with the practitioner with the lowest price.
Where are you in this scale? That depends totally on you and where you see yourself in the scheme of things. It is a reflection of who YOU want to be.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
As individual as the cells that make up our systems, the process of
healing each individual is as unique as this.
It is important, as human nature dictates, to want to categorize and
organize things. This is an innate function of the brain system
itself. If you have this... then you do this... and so on.
As we learn... a system of healing, there tends to be a set of tried
and true rules to look at, follow and be guided by.
As we practice... it is never as cut and dried! We would all like to
see patients come in with classic textbook symptoms. This would make
it so easy for us to treat. Unfortunately, those cases tend to be
more the exception than the rule. That is what makes healing not only
an art, but also a lifetime of discoveries.
I feel, nothing in healing, is etched in stone. What method of treatment may help one individual may not help the next.
I also do not believe that if someone has said or has proven that a
form of healing MAY NOT work in general, that this is still not
grounds for abandoning the treatment. What may not work for one
person, may absolutely be appropriate in healing another.
In Western medicine, for example, we tend to only work with and
accept the most recent medications, the most recent findings and the
most current approaches...they disregard the rest.
In Chinese medicine, no theory or form of healing is ever thrown out
but placed in the "tool belt of knowledge" and maybe able to be
called upon when one path is not as efficient.
What shift does it take for someone to find that road to feeling well
again? The path to wellness must include a sense of freedom and
enjoyment within that journey, and we have to be true to ourselves.
We have to believe in the recovery process.
We get sick for a reason. There is the germ and virus explanation
that is the basis of Western medicine. There is also another way of
looking at it. When we catch a cold, it is because our immune system
is low and makes us more vulnerable to these bacteria or viral
infections. When we are stressed and the adrenal glands are working
over time, we set ourselves up for a bigger fall. We leave the door
open, when we do not take care of ourselves. There are also the
metaphysical reasons behind illness and that is due to the lack of
love and honor we give ourselves.
Once we are ill, this becomes another mind set. We become more
aware, more sensitive to our bodies, to our emotions, to our
mortality. Our perceptions create our reality. When we realize that
we are ill, we can become overwhelmed. I have seen it with myself and
I have seen this with my patients.
There is a mind medicine that must be taken along with all your other
treatments. That is to reprogram your consciousness to create the
perception that you are on the road to recovery. I have seen this
work with someone who has had a cold, as well as those who have been
terminally ill. When a transformation is focused along side with
other forms to fight the illness, the healing process accelerates.
Your belief in your recovery is the first and foremost therapy that
should be applied.
Herbal medicine, acupuncture, color therapy, music therapy, massage
therapy�whichever form of therapy you are working with, these
practices should reinforce the belief in the recovery and the
transformation to wellness and balance.
What stops us from getting better?
Again it is our mind set. There are those who actually enjoy being in
their illness. They get the love and attention they may not have.
They may find this a great excuse to miss work, step out of life for
a bit, or simply to slow down. Perhaps, it is a sign their bodies are
telling them that it is time to slow down. Some people are just not
ready or willing to be on the recovery path. Even if they say they
are. If they have not made the conscious effort to truly believe in
their recovery, they are only half way there.
Your belief in your recovery is the first and foremost therapy that
should be applied.
There are many factors in the healing process and your body is only
part of the plan, your mind is the other piece of the puzzle. If you
are treating someone and you are doing your best to get him or her
well, see where there consciousness is about their illness.
I had a wonderful teacher who once said to me:
"A doctor's job is not to heal a patient, it is to show the patient
who they really are!"
This profound statement has stayed with me. It has given me the
insight to offer options of healing to a patient. It has given me the
insight to try and steer them in the right direction in order to find
balance and to allow them to help heal themselves.
I am always seeking other options in healing.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Heartburn occurs when a muscular valve, called the lower espophageal
sphincter functions improperly, which allows stomach acid to back up
into the esophagus. This tube, which leads from the stomach to the
throat can be greatly effected by stomach acid, causing a burning,
painful sensation in this area. Lack of proper enzymes are also a
cause. Heartburn, indigestion, acid reflux are all usually defined by
a vague chest or abdominal discomfort or burning in the solar plexus
area, with no apparent organic cause, that occurs during or soon
after eating, drinking, or stressful situations.
About 20% of all adults get heartburn at least once a month. Between
5% -15% of adults have severe heartburn. About 25% of pregnant women
have daily heatburn and 50% have heartburn at least once a month.
There are two sphincter muscles located in the esophagus. The upper esophageal
sphincter and lower esophageal sphincter. Underlying conditions that could
possibly be the cause of heartburn include:
GERD or Gastroesophageal reflux disease, also referred to as acid reflux
disease, occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter does not close properly and
stomach contents back up or reflux into the esophagus. This condition can damage
the lining of the esophagus, causing such problems as ulceration and even
esophageal cancer. Do get a doctor's or practitioner's opinion to see if further
treatment is necessary. If you have asthma, this may be an underlying cause of
GERD. It has been found that asthmatics are twice as likely to have GERD as
non-asthmatics. Obesity seems to increase the risk of GERD. Research documented
in the Annals of Internal Medicine show that as body fat increases, so did
symptoms of GERD.
Gastroparesis is a delay in the gastric emptying of the stomach. This delay
causes the contents of the stomach to back up into the esophagus.
Hiatal Hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach pushes through an
opening in the diaphragm causing reflux of stomach acid.
Peptic Ulcers in the stomach are considered gastric ulcers or stomach ulcers.
Duodenal ulcers occur in the duodenum. Both of these types of ulcers are
referred to as peptic ulcers and can be an underlying cause of heartburn.
Laryngopharyngeal Reflux occurs when the upper esophageal sphincter doesn't
function properly. Acid will flow into the throat. When this occurs, it is
referred to LGR.
Pregnancy is also an underlying of cause of heartburn, even if a woman has never
experienced this before she was pregnant.
Observe episodes of indigestion for changes in symptoms. If
character, timing, frequency or severity changes, a more serious
disorder may be responsible. These include heartburn from irritation
of the lower esophagus, gallbladder disease, ulcers or stomach
Heartburn symptoms in some people can cause chronic cough, asthma,
wheezing or choking.
Heartburn at night appears to be worse than heartburn during the day.
According to research in The Chest Journal, people have more trouble sleeping at
night because of the pain they experience from the heartburn. Acid stays in the
esophagus longer when one lies flat.
Although food is not the root cause of heartburn, it can aggravate
the situation. Foods such as onions, garlic, tomatoes, chocolate,
peppermint, citrus fruits, alcohol, soda, coffee and fatty foods can
worsen heartburn symptoms. A bland diet will not cure heartburn.
Aspirin and Ibuprofen can aggravate heartburn.
Top 20 Tips for Helping Heartburn:
1. Over all lifestyle changes. Stress can aggravate this situation.
2. Change in diet can greatly decrease symptoms. (See foods above).
Write down what you eat in a heartburn journal in order to identify
which foods trigger pain.
3. Allow time for leisurely meals. Chew food carefully and
thoroughly. Avoid conflicts during meals.
4. Avoiding refined carbohydrates (sugar, white rice, white bread),
even honey & other "natural" sugars, except Stevia. Reduce acid
production so that even if the reflux occurs there is less to
irritate the esophagus.
5. Eat small frequent meals so pressure in the stomach does not push
contents back up.
6. Do not eat late at night. Allow several hours of digestion time
before laying down. Acid stays in the esophagus longer when one lies
flat. Stay propped up at least 30-45 degrees after eating or drinking
& while sleeping. By placing 2 in. blocks under the two legs of your
bed at the headboard, can helped tremendously!
7. Avoid caffeine for a while.
8. Peppermint, which helps many digestive problems, can irritate
reflux because it may cause spasms of the cardiac valve.
9. Avoid excitement or exercise immediately after a meal. Avoid
situations that make you swallow air, such as exercising with your
mouth open (breathing through your mouth) or chewing gum.
10. Learn relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, controlled
breathing and stress reduction.
11. At first sign of heartburn, drink a large glass of water.
12. Antacids are an over the counter medicine that relieves heartburn
temporarily by neutralizing stomach acid. Dependence on antacids are
dangerous. They can mask serious problems if symptoms persist.
Antacids can also interact with certain prescription drugs and HIV
medications. Check with your pharmacist or doctor.
13. Stop Smoking. Chemicals in cigarette smoke can weaken the lower
espophageal sphincter and worsen heartburn.
14. If you have a juicer, juice a raw potato, peel and all, then add
an equal part of water to the juice and drink it immediately after
preparation, 3 times a day.
15. Fresh papaya and its seeds (or Papaya tablets) can be eaten to
help with digestion.
16. Plant-based enzymes and probiotics can be very beneficial and should be
taken daily. The enzymes in pineapple are also good for digestion but, this is
an acidic fruit and for some people is not the right choice. It depends on the
17. Aloe Vera juice is incredible for healing of the intestinal
18. Vitamin B complex, 50 mgs, 3 times daily with meals is needed for
19. Plus 200 mcg of Vitamin B 12, 3 times daily will enhance the
Vitamin B complex.
20. Acupressure massage. At the first sign of heartburn, massage the
acupressure points between your solar plexus and navel. Massage these
point first, gently in a clockwise motion and then slowly work
deeper. This can actually relieve heartburn pressure and pain for
months! Also, acupuncture works very well in treating heartburn and
other gastrointestinal issues. There is a wonderful Chinese herbal
remedy, which is a modified version of a Classical Chinese formula
that is brilliant when it comes to treating heartburn.
1. Annals of Internal Medicine
3. The Cleveland Clinic
4. The National Institute of Health
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
As a practitioner of Traditional Chinese Medicine, I have had great
results treating hemorrhoids (piles) with my patients. Hemorrhoids are painful, swollen veins in the lower portion of the rectum or anus. If they stay inside the anus they are called internal hemorrhoids. Those that protrude outside the anus are called external hemorrhoids. This condition is very common, especially during pregnancy and after childbirth. Hemorrhoids result from increased pressure in the veins of the anus. The pressure causes the veins to bulge and expand, making them painful, particularly when you are sitting.
The most common cause is straining during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids may result from constipation, sitting for long periods of time, and anal infections. In some cases they may be caused by other diseases, such as liver cirrhosis.
Differentiation between anal fissures and hemorrhoids should be taken into consideration. An anal fissure is simply a physical tear in the anal sphincter that causes pain during bowel movements (like stool contains sharp objects) and leave blood-streaked toilet paper. These are generally caused by constipation, straining, and large stools. Anal fissures are stubborn long narrow sores that re-open and get irritated every time one has a bowel movement.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids include:
* Anal ache or pain, especially while sitting
* Bright red blood on toilet tissue, stool, or in the toilet bowl
* Pain during bowel movements
* One or more hard tender lumps near the anus
Chinese Medicine divides hemorrhoids into 3 stages:
1st stage- small hemorrhoids which do not go protrude to the
exterior, fresh bleeding upon defecation.
2nd stage- protrusion of tissues from the anus with bleeding,
although the tissue retracts into the sphincter within a short period
3rd stage- bleeding with large protruding hemorrhoids that require
physical pushing to place back into the interior of the anus. They
may exit the body with coughing, sneezing. laughing, when fatigued,
or when standing for a long period of time.
- keep stool soft. Include plenty of water, fresh fruits and
vegetables, whole grains, and fiber in you daily diet.
- regular exercise promotes smooth bowel movements.
- try to breath through your bowel movements (do not hold your
breath), DO NOT STRAIN. Take your time, relax and it doesn't hurt
to enjoy it.
- try to not sit or stand for prolonged durations too often. Take
short walks, stretch, and contract your mid-section to get the blood
flowing through that area.
- keep the anal area clean, although one should be gentle with
cleansing. Try to use chemical free soaps such as pure olive oil
soaps, or baby wipes.
- squat during defecation, the toilet seat may make it more difficult
to pass the feces by compacting the anal canal. Try platforms on
either side of the toilet to raise yourself up if your knees are
higher than you buttock when sitting.
- anal exercises, tighten and hold sphincter/anal muscles while
contracting the abdomen, do not hold your breath, contract and repeat
as often as possible.
- keep emotions smooth flowing, do not let them run your life! Anger
in particular can aggravate hemorrhoids.
My Favorite Remedies
1. Wipe from front to back with witch hazel pads. Witch hazel can also be apply as a compress (with these pads) to the affected area 3-4 times per day. Liquid witch hazel can be found at any drug store. The same treatment can be done by soaking a few cotton balls with witch hazel and using this as a compress.
2. Apply Ching Wan Hung (also written as Jing Wan Hong) This Chinese herbal ointment, considered a burn cream, acts to relieve pain, decrease inflammation and infection, and aid in the regeneration of the damaged tissues. Apply this ointment 2 to 3 times a day to the affected area.
3. Add more whole green, fiber rich chlorophyll to your daily diet.
Things to try at home first
- take warm baths. They are soothing and cleansing, especially after
you have a bowel movement. Although sometimes too much bathing may
worsen anal itching (pruritis ani).
- wear cotton underwear and loose fitting clothes to decrease
moisture in the area.
- apply a cold compress to the area for 10 minutes, 4 times per day.
- applying vitamin E oil or virgin olive oil may help with the pain
of passage of the stools.
- apply an herbal compress of Dandelion (Pu Gong Ying), or Jiu Hua
Gao, or Wu Bei Zi San to the area for 10 minutes, 4 times per day.
- external wash or steam with sea salt water or Fu Feng Jing Xi Ji, Ku
Shen, Pu Gong Ying, Huang Bai.
- add psyllium husks to the diet daily to aid bowel movements
(the husk of the seed `Che Qian Zi') or use wheat bran.
-check your diet intake of fatty, raw, cold, pungent and hot food, or drinking of too much alcohol,
or improper foods for you, which irritate your stomach, and bowel movements should be avoided.
Western Herbal Treatment
- Bovine Cartilage- taken via rectal route to soften stools, 2.2
grams in the form of a 2% suppository administered at least 3 times
- Butcher's broom- make a decoction and apply topically (wash or
compress) to relieve itching and burning
- Camphor- a solution of 0.1-3% Camphor can be applied topically
(wash or compress) 3-4 times daily.
- Diosmin- (citrus bioflavinoid) 1350mg plus Hesperidin 150mg twice
daily for 4 days followed by Diosmin 900mg and Hesperidin 100mg twice
daily for 3 days. Also for prevention of relapse, take Diosmin 450mg
plus Hesperidin 50mg twice daily for 3 months.
- Hesperidin- (citrus bioflavinoid) used together with Diosmin.
- Peru Balsam- preparations of 5-20% can be used for daily
application. If being used over large areas of the body it is
advised to keep the solution under 10%.
- Poplar- 5 grams of the dried buds per day made into a topical
- Sweet clover- wrap a handful of flowers in linen, thoroughly soak
in hot water, and place on the affected area 3-4 times per day.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Hep B is a blood born and sexually transmitted liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV is spread much like HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HBV, however, is easier to catch than HIV because it is over 100 times more concentrated in an infected person's blood and it can exist on surfaces outside the body. Transmission occurs via the inoculation of blood, blood products or other body fluids ( i.e., semen).
High risk groups include medical personnel, male homosexuals, and dialysis patients. The disease symptoms follow a long incubation period and presents with an insidious onset. The symptoms last from 2-12 weeks although subclinical infections can occur. 10% of the cases go on to a chronic state. In addition, 0.1-1% of the U.S. population are asymptomatic carriers of HBV and 8-10% are AB positive. Hepatitis B vaccination is a six month process. It is one shot a month for 2 months and then you wait 4 months to take the last shot.
Hepatitis A and hepatitis C are different diseases caused by different viruses. Hepatitis A occurs often from contaminated food. There is a vaccine for hepatitis A. Often you can receive the hep A and hep B vaccine together. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C. Non-A/Non-B Hepatitis (NANB) This disease is probably two different conditions caused by two different viruses (implied by patterns of incubation and symptoms). The causative agent is possibly a retrovirus. 90% of post-transfusion hepatitis cases are due to NANB. HBV is less common since blood screening is able to detect contaminated blood. NANB is responsible for about 20-30% of sporadic cases of hepatitis. Endemic and epidemic NANB can occur.
Symptoms follow a long incubation period (2-26 wk) and present with an insidious onset. Most cases are without jaundice (anicteric). There is a strong predilection for chronicity and a carrier state does exist although there is no current means for its identification. The transmission is similar to HBV and fecal-oral spread has not been documented. While all forms of hepatitis show an increase in SGPT (alanine amino transferase) and SGOT, Acute NANB classically produces a pattern of fluctuating enzyme elevation, i.e., remissions and exacerbations.
Hepatitis C, also known as "The Silent Epidemic" is the most common
blood born pathogen in the world yet it was not even identified until
1989. It is known as the silent epidemic due to it's slow
progression, which occurs over many years. Four out of five people
with Hepatitis C have no signs or symptoms and are completely unaware
that they have the virus. A person infected with the virus may not
have symptoms for up to two decades after they are infected. One of
the most common causes of liver transplant in the United States is
due to chronic hepatitis C in the later stages of the disease. (1)
Previously referred to as non-A, non-B hepatitis or post transfusion
hepatitis it is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the Liver
and has infected 3.9 million Americans. Each year there are
estimated to be 35,000 new cases. HCV is a small single strand RNA
virus that penetrates a liver cell and replicates outside of the
cell's nucleus. It is an insidious disease that does not begin to
show symptoms until liver damage has already occurred. It can
literally take decades for the disease to create histological changes
in the Liver leading to cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. Due
to it's insidious nature there are thousands of people who are
infected yet unaware. The number of people infected with HCV are
thought to be 170 million worldwide.
In the U.S. the numbers are surely underestimated because it is not
mandatory to report Hepatitis C to the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. Among the prison population alone there is a very
high incidence of Hepatitis C, which is not included in the
estimates. Illegal drug use makes up 60% of HCV transmission in the
U.S. Risk of infection from occupational exposure through needle
sticks and splashes makes up less than 4% of reported cases. The
mode of transmission of HCV is through the blood. Therefore, the
populations at highest risk are IV drug users sharing needles, health
care workers involved in needle stick accidents and those who have
received blood transfusions prior to 1992. Since 1992, the screening
for HCV at blood banks has greatly reduced infection through blood
transfusions. There is the possibilty of transmission of the
Hepatitis C virus through sexual transmission or vertical
transmission from mother to infant but these cases are rare. (2)
Retrieved July 1, 2003 from http://www.pegasys.com/basics/what c.asp
Diagnosis of HCV infection is determined by review of patient
history, serological testing and liver biopsy. The first sign of a
possible infection is an increase in enzymes found in healthy liver
cells. AST and ALT are the two enzymes that indicate liver
inflammation. ALT enzymes are produced by the hepatocytes and are
therfore more specific for liver disease than AST. When they are
damaged they will leak into the bloodstream and cause elevaated
levels. Because AST is also present in muscle and brain tissue as
well as liver tissue it is a less specific indicator of liver
disease. For example, you will see high levels of AST in the early
stages of a myocardial infaction. Most people infected with HCV
don�t know that they carry the virus because they have no symptoms or
very vague ones, which could be attributed to many other pathologies
related to a high stress lifestyle. Some of the most common symptoms
are fatigue and exhaustion, sometimes a fluike syndrome, muscle joint
pain, nausea, stomach pain, and lack of appetite.
Cirrhosis may develop in 10-20% of HCV infected people but will take
decades to develop. However, most people infected will not develop
severe liver disease. Currently, Interferon is the only method of
treatment for Hepatits C. The first trial of Interferon was reported
in 1986. It reported that although Interferon was effective at low
doses and was successful in reducing serum ALT levels it was
associated with relapse when treatment was stopped which indicated
that the virus was not eradicated. Only 15-20 % of patients
sustained persistently normal ALT levels but there was still
detectable viremia. It appears that Interferon therapy only cures
infection in a small porportion of patients. This being so, the goal
of Interferon therapy is to suppress infection in order to minimize,
not eradicat liver disease. (3) July 1, 2003
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Herbal medicine is a natural and healing form of therapy that can be very beneficial, long term. There are common sense precautions that
must be take when using herbal medicine internally.
*Never take herbal medicine internally if you are nursing or pregnant.
*If unusual symptoms occur, stop taking the formula and usually
symptoms will disappear rather quickly.
*When also on prescribed Western drugs, great care should be taken.
Anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics can upset the stomach and
irritate the intestinal tract. Herbal formulas can tax the digestive
tract. Do not take herbal medicine and anti-
inflammatories/antibiotics together at the same time.
*Blood thinners prevent clots from forming in the blood vessels.
These are very strong western drugs that must be monitored carefully.
Drugs used to thin the blood, often interfere with herbs for trauma,
since they both have the same action. The combination can interfere
with western drugs and may cause dizziness or fainting. Do not take
blood thinning herbal medicine with western blood thinners.
* Heart medications and herbs used for trauma both effect the
circulation of blood. Although these herbs have a different method of
action, in conjunction with heart medication, there can be unwanted
*Seizure medications work on brain function and in conjunction with
Chinese herbs, should not be taken at the same time and should only
be done under supervision.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
HIV is a virus. Viruses infect the cells of living organisms and
replicate (make new copies of themselves) within those cells. A virus
can also damage human cells, which is one of the things that can make
an infected creature become ill.
People can become infected with HIV from other people who already
have it, and when they are infected they can then go on to infect
other people. Basically, this is how HIV is spread.
HIV stands for the 'Human Immunodeficiency Virus'. Someone who is
diagnosed as infected with HIV is said to be 'HIV+' or 'HIV positive'.
*More than 25 million people have died of AIDS since 1981.
*Africa has 12 million AIDS orphans.
*At the end of 2006, women accounted for 48% of all adults living
with HIV worldwide, and for 59% in sub-Saharan Africa.
*Young people (15-24 years old) account for half of all new HIV
infections worldwide - around 6,000 become infected with HIV every
*In developing and transitional countries, 6.8 million people are in
immediate need of life-saving AIDS drugs; of these, only 1.65 million
are receiving the drugs.
Ways in which you can be infected with HIV
-Unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person
-Sexual intercourse without a condom is risky, because the virus,
which is present in an infected person's sexual fluids, can pass
directly into the body of their partner. This is true for unprotected
vaginal and anal sex.
-Oral sex carries a lower risk, but again HIV transmission can occur
here if a condom is not used - for example, if one partner has
bleeding gums or an open cut, however small, in their mouth.
-Contact with blood from an infected person.
-If sufficient blood from an infected person enters the body of an
uninfected person then it can pass on the virus.
-From mother to child. HIV can be transmitted from an infected woman
to her baby during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding. There are
special drugs that can greatly reduce the chances of this happening,
but they are unavailable in much of the developing world.
-Use of infected blood products. Many people in the past have been
infected with HIV by the use of blood transfusions and blood products
which were contaminated with the virus - in hospitals, for example.
In much of the world this is no longer a risk, as blood donations are
-Injecting drugs. People who use illegal injected drugs are also
vulnerable to HIV infection. In many parts of the world, often
because it is illegal to possess them, injecting equipment or works
are shared. A tiny amount of blood can transmit HIV, and can be
injected directly into the bloodstream with the drugs.
It is not possible to become infected with HIV through:
-sharing crockery and cutlery
-insect / animal bites
-touching, hugging or shaking hands
-eating food prepared by someone with HIV
Global statistics can be found at: http://www.avert.org/worldstats.htm
Know Your Numbers
Two numbers should be looked at, when discussing HIV infection:
If you are being treated for HIV or AIDS, your doctor uses a number
of blood tests to check how you're doing. One of the most important
tests measures VIRAL LOAD, the amount of HIV in your blood. Another
very important test counts your CD4 CELLS, sometimes called T-CELLS.
CD4 cells are a key part of your body's disease-fighting defenses,
called the immune system.
CD4 cells help to organize your body's defenses against disease.
Doctors can take a sample of your blood and count the number of CD4
cells. Healthy adults and teenagers usually have a CD4 count of at
least 800 cells per CUBIC MILLIMETER of blood (a cubic millimeter is
a very small amount, roughly one small drop).
HIV attacks CD4 cells, and as time goes by people with HIV often see
their CD4 counts drop. The lower your CD4 count, the greater your
chances of getting a number of very serious diseases. When your CD4
count is below 200, the risk of illness becomes severe.
Viral load tests, which tell the doctor how much HIV is in your
blood, are a very important clue to how quickly HIV is doing harm.
These tests go by several different names, like PCR (polymerase chain
reaction) or bDNA (branched DNA), but they all work roughly the same
way. They count HIV's genetic material -- the building blocks of the
virus. People with a high viral load are much more likely to get sick
or die of AIDS than people with a low viral load.
Studies have shown that when treatment reduces your viral load, it
also reduces your chance of getting an AIDS-related infection or
dying. Recently, a group of expert scientists reviewed 18 studies of
anti-HIV drugs, which involved over 5,000 patients. Over and over
again they found the same thing: The more viral load was reduced, the
healthier the patients stayed.
Alternative Medicine and HIV
Over the last decade, researchers have identified a number of drugs
that slow progression of the virus as well as therapies to treat the
many opportunistic infections that attack people with HIV disease.
Although as yet, there is no cure, the key to effective treatment is
early detection and intervention. This is done by strengthening the
immune system, reduce stress, maintain good nutritional practices and
exercise as a way to relieve stress and boost your immune system.
Whether you have been diagnosed with HIV or not there should be an
emphasis on improving lifestyle issues. Taking control of or your
life and taking an active role in any disorder is an important
adjunct to treatment. Consideration of alternative therapies in
conjunction with conventional medicine may offer additional
opportunities for those living with HIV/AIDS to be proactive in their
Stress is natural and affects your emotions. It can help you to deal
with some situations. However, excessive stress can cause physical
symptoms, it can damage your immune system and make you ill. Find
ways of managing the stress in your life. Find ways to relax and
recharge your batteries. Listen to your body; if you are tired, rest
and you'll be better for it.
HIV can bring anxieties. One way of tackling these are through
getting information, by learning about your condition, gaining
confidence in it, in yourself and making informed choices for your
Boost Your Immune System with Meditation
Fold your hands gently in your lap and close your eyes. Take a few
deep breaths. Then just sit. If you have never meditated before, you
will probably feel as if your mind is full of thoughts. Don't try to
stop the thoughts, just watch them. Imagine that you are on the bank
of a river and that your thoughts are the river going by. Don't try
to stop the river, just watch it. Within a week, you will see the
river begin to slow down. You may become impatient, or even bored.
That's okay. If you find yourself complaining, just watch the
thoughts pass by. Do this for 5 to 10 minutes. You may find that you
fall asleep because you are so relaxed. That's good because, in many
ways, you have begun to let go. Continue at this pace and each day
allow just alittle more time for yourself to meditate. Doing this
allows you to relax and forget about time.
Consider these alternative therapies:
Acupuncture, ayurveda, bodywork & massage, diet therapies, herbal
medicine, homeopathy, mind-body therapies, Siddha medicine,
traditional Chinese medicine, Unani medicine and yoga.
Herbs, Supplements and Vitamins Beneficial for HIV Infection
Free radicals are atoms or groups of atoms that have at least one
unpaired electron, which makes them highly reactive. Free radicals
promote beneficial oxidation that produces energy and kills bacterial
invaders. However, in excess, they produce harmful oxidation
or "oxidative stress" that can damage cell membranes and cell
contents. These free radicals cause inflammation.
In human beings, free radicals are the natural by-products of many
processes within and among cells. Free radicals are created by
exposure to various environmental factors, cigarette and tobacco
smoke, air pollution, alcohol, drugs, radiation from televisions and
computers, chemicals and a busy, stressful life.
Antioxidants are a classification of several organic substances,
which include vitamins C and E, vitamin A (converted from beta-
carotene), selenium, alpha lipoic acid, and carotenoids. Together as
antioxidants, these substances are thought to be effective in helping
to prevent certain cancers, cardiovascular disease, and cataracts. At
the cellular level, antioxidants serve to deactivate certain free
radicals in turn helping to decrease inflammation. The best source
for antioxidants are in fruits and vegetables.
Acetyl-l-carnitine: is a molecule that occurs naturally in the brain,
liver, and kidney. Natural levels of Acetyl-l-carnitine diminish as
we age. Acetyl-l-carnitine is related to the amino acid L-Carnitine,
which is a carrier of fatty acids across mitochondrial membranes,
where energy is produced within each cell.
N-Acetyl Cysteine (N-AC) is protective to Liver tissue and aids in
breaking down excessive mucus.
Alpha Lipoic Acid: is a unique antioxidant that is both water and fat
soluble, which allows it to enter all parts of the cell to neutralize
free radicals. Alpha Lipoic Acid contributes to and is important for
the production of energy inside the cell by utilizing sugar to
produce energy contributing to mental and physical stamina, reducing
muscle fatigue and neutralizes free radicals. Alpha Lipoic Acid
recycles and enhances the effects of both Vitamin C and Vitamin E.
Alpha Lipoic Acid targets liver protection and is helpful for
patients on hepatotoxic medications such as antiretrovirals,
antifungals and typically any long-term medication protocols. No
known contraindications exist. Possible side effects include skin
rash and the potential of hypoglycemia in diabetic patients.
People who may be deficient in vitamin B1 (such as alcoholics) should
take vitamin B1 along with alpha lipoic acid supplements.
Astragalus: is a Chinese herb that has been used for centuries for
its immuno-modulating qualities. There is mixed scientific evidence
on its efficacy with HIV, but well documented studies on its ability
to stimulate the immune system. This herb is used often used in
conjunction with other immune boosters such as reishi, maitake and
Beta-carotene: (Carotenoids), of which beta-carotenes are the most
popular, are found in many fruits and vegetables, animals, plants and
microorganisms. The body converts beta carotene into Vitamin A.
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin essential for vision, growth, cell
division, reproduction and immunity. Among the 600 or more
carotenoids in foods, beta-carotene, lycopene, and lutein are well-
known leaders in the fight to reduce the damage from free radicals
and are helpful with eye health.
Boxwood: has been shown in research to foster immune stimulation and
promotion of t-cell activation. This can be found in capsule and
CoQ10: (Coenzyme Q10) is a vitamin-like compound also
called "ubiquinone". It is an essential component of cells and is
utilized by the mitochondria in the normal process of energy
production. It helps convert food into energy at a cellular level.
Coenzyme Q10 acts as an antioxidant, much like vitamins C and E,
helping to neutralize the cell-damaging molecules known as free
radicals. CoQ10 is one in a series of ubiquinones, naturally
occurring compounds produced in nearly every cell of the body, and
was discovered as recently as 1957.
The primary function of CoQ10 is as a catalyst for metabolism. Acting
in conjunction with enzymes, the compound speeds up the vital
metabolic process, providing the energy that the cells need to digest
food, heal wounds, maintain healthy muscles, and perform other bodily
functions as a major antioxidant in cardiac tissue and has protective
effects on brain tissue. Studies indicate high dosage can be used
safely and effectively. Certain cholesterol lowering drugs have also
been shown to deplete coenzyme Q-10. Patients on cholesterol lowering
drugs should consider adding at least 200mg of CoQ-10 daily.
Echinacea: (see drug-herb interactions) has been documented to
stimulate the chemicals that promote t-cell activation and antibody
production. It is very effective in lessening the course of the
common cold and respiratory infections when used short term. There
are some conflicting studies on its use long term as well as a
caution that it may briefly increase viral load. Avoid long term (7-
10 days only) use as well as use prior to viral load blood counts.
During the acute onset of a cold, 2 to 4 cups of strong echinacea tea
or 3 capsules 3 times daily can help limit the course of the illness.
Fiber: helps in regulating lipid levels, removes toxins and provides
bulk for healthy bowel habits. The colon requires bulk for it to
achieve healthy movement. Optimal intake of fiber is about 25-30
grams per day. The ideal combination of soluble fiber (psyllium husk)
and insoluble fiber (flax oil, fiber) helps to absorb water and
toxins and adds roughage to bulk up stool and sweep away built up
debris in the intestinal tract.
Foods high in fiber are fruits such as apples peaches, raspberries
and tangerines. Vegetables such as acorn squash, raw broccoli,
brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, spinach, black-eyed
peas, cooked zucchini, kidney beans and lima beans. Also cooked whole-
grain cereal, cold (All-Bran, Total, Bran Flakes), whole-grain
cereal, hot (oatmeal, Wheatena) and whole-wheat or 7-grain bread.
Powdered psyllium is a quality source of supplemental fiber. Be sure
to drink plenty of water, otherwise the fiber will form an
obstructing mass, adding to your condition. Start with one rounded
tablespoon of the powder stirred well into a glass of water or
Fish Oil: is known for being rich in unsaturated fatty acids and
provides rich OMEGA-3 fatty acids, (Pure EPA 360mg/DHA 240mg). Fish
Oils are made from natural marine lipid concentrate and may help
reduce or inhibit risk factors involved in cardiovascular disease, as
well as inflammatory and immune disorders. Long term use of fish oil
shelp prevent aging skin, menopausal symptoms, promote better
circulation, lower cholesterol, prevent blood clots, reduce heart
related risk, and the pain of arthritis. Omega-3 and polyunsaturated
fatty acids found in fish and deep sea fish oil help to protect
against heart and blood vessel disease. Natural, essential fatty
acids are essential to normal human cell and tissue growth and
maintenance. If not found regularly in the diet, the diet must be
supplemented. These fatty acids are especially abundant in brain
cells, nerve relay stations (synapses), visual receptors (retinas),
adrenal glands, and sex glands. The most biologically active tissues
in the body. Take. 1000mg of fish oil in the morning and 1,000 mg in
Flaxseed oil: is derived from the seeds of the flax plant. Flaxseed
oil and flaxseed contain substances that promote good health and is
used as a nutritional supplement. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids,
especially alpha-linolenic acid, which appears to be beneficial for
heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis, cholesterol and
a variety of other health conditions. Flaxseed also contains a group
of chemicals called lignans that may play a role in the prevention of
cancer. Take 1,000 mg of flaxseed oil in the morning and 1,000 mg in
Ginger: is helpful in tea or herb form for controlling nausea and
vomiting. An anti-inflammatory, ginger has been used in Ayurvedic and
Chinese medicine as an anti-inflammatory. Taking 6�50 grams of fresh
or powdered ginger per day indicated that ginger might be helpful.
Suggested Dosage: 0.5 to 1 mg of powdered ginger daily
Glutamine: is one of the most abundant amino acids in our bodies,
found in the gastrointestinal tract. This amino acid is compromised
when the immune function is low. Studies have shown that Glutamine is
one of the best amino acid supplements in maintaining a healthy
gastrointestinal lining and helps to repair gastrointestinal damage.
It can also be helpful in managing diarrhea. 1 to 2 grams of powdered
glutamine may be mixed in smoothies or water.
My other suggestion, is HMB. B-Hydroxy B-methylbutyric acid (HMB) is a metabolite of the essential amino acid leucine. It plays a role in protein synthesis and has been shown to increase muscle mass and decrease muscle breakdown. HMB is used for increasing the benefits from weight training and exercise. It was discovered in pigs, and small quantities can also be found in grapefruit, alfalfa, and catfish.
Well-controlled scientific studies have found increases in muscle mass and decreases in body fat in 70 year old men. It has helped patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and for treating diseases of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease), high cholesterol, and high blood pressure.
In combination with the amino acids l-arginine and glutamine, HMB is also used for treating weight loss, weakness, muscle wasting and diarrhea in people with HIV or AIDS (AIDS-related wasting) and with cancer and trauma victims with severe injuries.
Doses in research studies have been 1.5 to 3.0 grams per day, usually divided into 2-3 doses. Three grams of HMB per day helps muscles combat protein breakdown, assist in muscle repair and support increased endurance.
Licorice: (Glycerrhiza) (see drug-herb interactions) also has been
used as a complementary immune modulator, although it should be
avoided in people with hypertension. In my experience the immune
modulators work much better when combined together rather than used
as singular treatments. Licorice can be consumed as a tea daily and
the mushrooms may be included in food preparation or taken in liquid
tincture form for a more consistent higher dose.
Pau D'arco and Una de Gato: (Cat's Claw) are also clinically used to
stimulate immune function and may be consumed in tea form daily or
liquid tincture either during acute illness or as a preventative
Probiotics: (Acidophilus, Bifidus, lactobacillus spirogenes) help to
maintain balance of good and dangerous bacteria and compete for the
food the dangerous bacteria need to grow and cause us problems.
Lactobacillus acidophilus and bifidus may be found in yogurt with
active culture or in supplements and can be consumed freely without
known side effects. It should be refrigerated to maximize shelf life.
Patients on antibiotic therapy, diagnosed with thrush, diarrhea or
constipation should consider taking probiotics 2 capsules 3 times
daily with meals. For thrush a capsule can also be opened in some
water and used daily as a mouth rinse.
Vitamins A, C and the B vitamins increase the immune function.
Minerals such as Selenium help to stimulate immune function and fight
infection, while Zinc enhances the immune system and assists in wound
Herb-drug interactions are very common. Some herbal medicines may
cancel the effect of a prescription drug, others may reduce it, or
even exaggerate it. If you are on HIV medication or medications for
associated symptoms or disorders, consider the information below:
Dong Quai: taken for menopausal symptom control. Do not mix Dong Quai
with warfarin (anticoagulants), St John's Wort and some antibiotics
such as sulfonamides, quinolones.
Echinacea: mostly taken as an immune boost to prevent cold and flu.
Do not mix Echinacea with some heart medications, antifungal
medications, HIV medications and anti-anxiety medications.
Ephedra: A powerful decongestant. Contains ephedrine, which can open
up bronchial passages. It's controversial because it's a powerful
stimulant that can raise blood pressure, cause insomnia and high
blood pressure. Do not mix with heart medications or if you are being
treated for high blood pressure, glaucoma or thyroid problems.
Feverfew: taken to reduce the severity of migraines. Do not take with
other migraine medications, as, it may raise heart rate and blood
pressure. Feverfew has the potential to react with warfarin anti-
coagulants, increasing the thinning of blood.
Ginkgo: increases blood flow and circulation throughout the body, can
also help improve memory. May interact with anti-coagulant
medications such as Aspirin, Coumadin, heparin and warfarin, causing
the blood to thin too much, and provoking a serious bleeding
disorder. A recent report in the New England Journal of Medicine
describes a case of a man who'd been taking Aspirin to prevent a
heart attack and had spontaneous bleeding into the eye from the iris
within a week of taking a daily dose of ginkgo. Should not be taken
with HIV medications.
Garlic: is thought to help lower cholesterol and prevent the
formation of blood clots that could lead to heart attacks. Garlic
capsules may increase blood thinning if you are already on anti-
coagulants. Do not take with diabetes medication because it may cause
a decrease in blood sugars. Use caution with HIV medications.
Ginseng: used to help reduce stress, boost energy and improve
stamina, and may also help lower cholesterol. Can cause nervousness
and excitation, and overuse can lead to headaches, insomnia and heart
palpitations. Can increase blood pressure. Should not be used if you
are taking prescriptions for high blood pressure or Coumadin.
Hawthorn: claimed to be effective in helping reduce angina attacks by
lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Should not be taken
digoxin, a heart medication. The mix may lower heart rate too much.
Kava: is used to treat anxiety. It's also used to relieve insomnia
and nervousness. Do not take Kava if you have a history of liver
problems. Also do not mix with antidepressants, sedatives, and do not
mix Kava with alcohol.
Licorice: used to treat coughs, colds and peptic ulcers. High doses
can lead to increased blood pressure, water retention and potassium
loss. Do not use with diuretics or digoxin because it could lead to
further loss of potassium, essential for heart function.
St. John's wort: a natural anti-depressant for mild to moderate
depression. Do not take with other anti-depressants, HIV medications,
oral contraceptives, some heart/blood thinning medications and
Tamoxifen (a cancer drug).
Valerian: a mild sedative with hypnotic effects, used to promote
sleep, Should not be taken with alcohol or Valium.
Safe Sex Tips
1. Use latex condom for vaginal and anal intercourse. Use water-based
lubricant (K-Y, Astroglide, and Probe); oil-containing products
(Crisco, Vaseline, baby oil, lotion, and whipped cream) can destroy
latex. A drop of lube inside the condom may increase sensitivity.
Don't use saliva as a lubricant.
2. Other contraceptive devices do not protect against AIDS. Product
containing nonoxyno1-9 (a spermicide) can kill HIV and may provide
extra protection, but should not be relied on alone. Some studies
show that nonoxyno1-9 can cause genital irritation that may promote
HIV infection, especially with very frequent intercourse. The effects
of ingesting nonoxyno1-9 are unstudied.
3. Blood-to-blood contact is the most direct route of HIV
transmission. Sharing needles (for drug steroids piercing or
tattooing) razors or any implement that draws blood is dangerous
since blood may be left on used implements. Clean needles by rinsing
several times with bleach then with water. Avoid contact with blood
in s/m scenes. Whips or knives that break the skin should not be used
on another person until disinfected with bleach or a cleaning
4. Use an unlubricated condom for oral sex if a man will come in your
mouth. For oral sex on a woman or oral-anal sex (rimming) use a
dental dam (latex square) a condom or latex glove cut to produce a
flat sheet or non-microwaveable food wrap. Rinse powder off dams
before use. Use all barrier only once and only on one person.
5. Oral sex on a man without ejaculation or on a non-menstruating
woman is thought to be low risk activity. There is a risk that HIV
could enter through small cuts of opening in the mouth gums of
throat. Avoid brushing your teeth two hours before or after oral sex
to minimize abrasions.
6. If you share sex toys like dildos or vibrators put on a fresh
condom for each user (and when going from anus to vagina) or guard
bleach alcohol or soap and water.
7. Use latex gloves for "finger penetration" or fisting to guard the
wearer against infection through cuts on the hand or arm and to guard
the partner against injury from fingernails.
8. Touching and kissing are safe. It is safe to get semen vaginal
fluid or urine on unbroken skin. No AIDS cases have been traced to
kissing, including deep (French) kissing.
9. Precautions against HIV infection can protect you from other
sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia,
herpes, yeast infections, amoebiasis, and hepatitis B.
10. Preventing other STDs can in turn minimize your chances of
getting HIV infection, since many STDs cause sores in the genital or
anal area or around the mouth which can provide a path for HIV
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
1. I will serve the interests of my clients and employers, my employees and the community generally, as matters of no less priority than the interests of myself or my colleagues.
2. I will work competently and diligently for my clients and employers.
3. I will be honest in my representations of skills, knowledge, services and products.
4. I will strive to enhance the quality of life of those affected by my work.
5. I will enhance my own professional development and that of my colleagues, employees and community.
6. I will enhance the integrity of the healing arts profession and the respect of its members for each other.
7. Practice must be conducted with confidentiality and great discretion. Practitioner-client confidentiality must be maintained at all costs. Anything that is discussed between the two should not be disclosed to others.
8. Personal details of the client should not be revealed, unless the client himself has given you the permission to do so. The healer should not disclose or confirm the fact that a particular person is a client, unless he has prior permission or the consent of the client to do so.
9. Client sessions should be held in a secure and comfortable place.
The place where the sessions are held should have an environment that is supportive and empowering.
10. At all times, the client must be treated with great respect and honor.
11. Before the healer begins a session, he should give the client an oral or written description of what he will experience during the session. He should explain to the client what is going to happen before and after the session.
12. A healer must respect the opinion, views and methods followed by other practitioners. It is entirely up to the healer concerned to decide whether he wants to learn from other healers or wants to follow their methods. However, there should be no fault with the way he practices. The healer should teach the clients the value of their healing art and explain to them that the sessions do not guarantee complete healing or complete recuperation.
13. Practitioners should inform the client that this healing session is not replacement for other medical care, but an additional, legitimate form of healing that it is important for the overall well-being of the person. The healer should find out whether the client is undergoing any medical treatment. If the practitioner thinks that a client requires professional medical attention then he should ask the client to get it.
14. The healer should never interfere with on-going medical treatment, but add to it.
15. A healer should work on his own healing so as to embody and express the essence of Reiki in everything that he does.
by Suzi List Owner
Cinnamon and Honey
Honey is the only food on the planet that will not spoil or rot. It will do what
some call turning to sugar. In reality honey is always honey. However, when left
in a cool dark place for a long time it will do what I rather call
When this happens I loosen the lid, boil some water, and sit the honey
container in the hot water, off the heat and let it liquefy. It is then as good
as it ever was.
Never boil honey or put it in a microwave. To do so will kill the enzymes in the
Cinnamon and Honey
~ Bet the drug companies won't like this one getting around.~
Facts on Honey and Cinnamon:
It is found that a mixture of honey and Cinnamon cures most diseases. Honey
is produced in most of the countries of the world. Scientists of today also
accept honey as a 'Ram Ban' (very effective) medicine for all
kinds of diseases.
Honey can be used without any side effects for any kind of diseases.
Today's science says that even though honey is sweet, if taken in the
do sage as a medicine, it does not harm diabetic patients.
Weekly World News, a magazine in Canada , in its issue dated 17 January,1995
has given the following list of diseases that can be cured by honey and
cinnamon as researched by western scientists:
Make a paste of honey and cinnamon powder, apply on bread, instead of jelly
and jam, and eat it regularly for breakfast. It reduces the cholesterol in
the arteries and saves the patient from heart attack.
Also, those who have already had an attack, if they do this process daily,
they are kept miles away from the next attack. Regular use of the above
process relieves loss of breath and strengthens the
In America and Canada , various nursing homes have treated patients
successfully and have found that as you age, the arteries and veins lose
their flexibility and get clogged; honey and cinnamon revitalize the
arteries and veins.
Arthritis patients may take daily, morning and night, one cup of hot water
with two spoons of honey and one small teaspoon of cinnamon powder. If taken
regularly even chronic arthritis can be cured. In a
recent research conducted at the Copenhagen University , it was found that
when the doctors treated their patients with a mixture of one tablespoon
Honey and half
teaspoon Cinnamon powder before breakfast,
they found that within a week, out of the 200 people so treated, practically
73 patients were totally relieved of pain, and within a month, mostly all
the patients who could not walk or move around because of arthritis started
walking without pain.
Take two tablespoons of cinnamon powder and one teaspoon of honey in a glass
of lukewarm water and drink it. It destroys the germs in the bladder.
Two tablespoons of honey and three teaspoons of Cinnamon Powder mixed in 16
ounces of tea water, given to a cholesterol patient, was found to reduce
level of cholesterol in the blood by 10 percent within two hours.
As mentioned for arthritic patients, if taken three times a day, any chronic
cholesterol is cured. According to information received in the said Journal,
pure honey taken with food daily relieves complaints of cholesterol.
Those suffering from common or severe colds should take one tablespoon
lukewarm honey with 1/4 spoon cinnamon powder daily for three days. This
process will cure most chronic cough, cold, and clear the sinuses.
Honey taken with cinnamon powder cures stomach ache and also clears stomach
ulcers from the
According to the studies done in India and Japan , it is revealed that if
Honey is taken with cinnamon powder the stomach is relieved of gas.
Daily use of honey and cinnamon powder strengthens the immune system and
protects the body from bacteria and viral attacks. Scientists have found
that honey has various vitamins and iron in large amounts. Constant use of
Honey strengthens the white blood corpuscles to fight bacterial and viral
powder sprinkled on two tablespoons of honey taken before food
relieves acidity and digests the heaviest of meals.
A scientist in Spain has proved t hat honey contains a natural ' Ingredient'
which kills the influenza germs and saves the patient from flu.
Tea made with honey and cinnamon powder, when taken regularly, arrests the
ravages of old age. Take four spoons of honey, one spoon of cinnamon
powder, and three cups of water and boil to make like tea. Drink 1/4 cup,
three to four times a day. It keeps the skin fresh and soft and arrests old
age. Life spans also increase and even a 100 year
old, starts performing the
chores of a 20-year-old.
Three tablespoons of honey and one teaspoon of cinnamon powder paste. Apply
this paste on the pimples before sleeping and wash it next morning
with warm water. If done daily for two weeks, it removes pimples from the
Applying honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts on the affected parts
cures eczema, ringworm and all types of skin infections.
Daily in the morning one half hour before breakfast
on an empty stomach, and
at night before sleeping, drink honey and cinnamon powder boiled in one cup
of water. If taken regularly, it reduces the weight of even the most obese
person. Also, drinking this mixture regularly does not allow the fat to
accumulate in the body even though the person may eat a high calorie diet.
Recent research in Japan and Australia has revealed that advanced cancer of
the stomach and bones have been cured successfully. Patients suffering from
these kinds of cancer should daily take one tablespoon of
honey with one teaspoon of cinnamon powder for one month three times a day.
Recent studies have shown that the sugar content of honey is more helpful
rather than being detrimental to the strength of the body. Senior citizens,
who take honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts, are
more alert and flexible. Dr... Milton, who has done research, says that a half
tablespoon of honey taken in a glass of water and sprinkled with cinnamon
powder, taken daily after brushing and in the afternoon at
about 3:00 P.M. when the vitality of the body starts to decrease, increases
the vitality of the body within a week.
People of South America , first thing in the morning, gargle with one
teaspoon of honey and cinnamon powder mixed in hot water, so their
stays fresh throughout the day.
Daily morning and night honey and cinnamon powder, taken in equal parts
restores hearing. Remember when we were kids? We had toast with real butter
and cinnamon sprinkled on it!
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Omega-3's and Essential Fatty Acids
This incredible essential fatty acid is my number one pick, which benefit every living cell in the body. They are crucial for proper ovulation. Essential fatty acids are found in fish oil, flaxseed oil, pumpkin seed oil, soy products, beets, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, collard greens, kale, turnips and ruta-bega.
Along with helping ovulatory function, they are a precursor to hormonal regulation and are helping your body to fight off stress and relieve anxiety, tension and even prevent heart disease! Fish that are high in Omega-3 are excellent ways to help your blood stream.
The health benefits of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) have been discussed for years. So it is important to know when you are shopping for omega 3 in fish oil form that you look at the EPA and DHA numbers on the label. Your goal is to find a fish oil that is close to this 1,000 mg number as this is the omega 3 number. I have seen fish oils on the shelf that are 1,000 mg per pill yet they only have less than 350 omega 3's (EPA and DHA). So even if your fish oils is 1,000 mg per pill, you must look at the combined numbers of the EPA and DHA to come as close as you can to this 1,000 mg.
If you supplement with essential fatty acids, be sure you are getting enough. Take 1,000 mg in divided doses, twice a day for a total of 2,000 mg per day.
It is extremely difficult to eat enough fish and other foods in order to get your daily allowance that is beneficial for health. This is why I always tell my patients to supplement their Omega 3's.
This fatty acid is exceptional for any woman who is trying to get pregnant as it helps to balance horomone levels. But, I highly recommend this essential fatty acid for:
-high blood pressure
As far as its benefits, they can be felt in a matter of a few weeks, but 90 days is a better indicator of its power! To keep your oil fresh and long lasting, keep your fish oil in the refrigerator. This will also help you if you have a tendency to burp up the taste of the oil. This is what I use in my practice...
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common causes of
sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the world. More than 100
different types of HPV exist, most of which are harmless. About 30
types are spread through sexual contact. Some types of HPV cause
genital warts, single or multiple bumps that appear in the genital
areas of men and women including the vagina, cervix, vulva (area
outside of the vagina), penis, and rectum. Many people infected with
HPV have no symptoms. (25).
There are high-risk and low-risk types of HPV. High-risk HPV may
cause abnormal Pap smear results, and could lead to cancers of the
cervix, vulva, vagina, anus, or penis. Low-risk HPV also may cause
abnormal Pap results or genital warts. (26).
Health experts estimate there are more cases of genital HPV infection
than any other STI in the United States. According to the American
Social Health Association, approximately 5.5 million new cases of
sexually transmitted HPV infections are reported every year. At least
20 million people in this country are already infected. (25, 26).
All types of HPV can cause mild Pap test abnormalities which do not
have serious consequences. Approximately 10 of the 30 identified
genital HPV types can lead, in rare cases, to development of cervical
cancer. Specifically, HPV 16 and HPV 18 have been found in 90% of
cases of cervical cancer. Research has shown that for most women (90
percent), cervical HPV infection becomes undetectable within two
years. Although only a small proportion of women have persistent
infection, persistent infection with "high-risk" types of HPV is the
main risk factor for cervical cancer.
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is also called "CIN." Sometimes it
may be called cervical dysplasia. CIN means that there is a change in
the cells on the surface of the cervix. The cervix is the bottom part
of the uterus. With CIN normal cells are replaced with cells that are
not normal (abnormal). Over time, it is possible for these abnormal
cells to turn into cancer. (3,4).
Any woman can have CIN. CIN itself is not cancer. But it can turn
into cancer of the cervix. Following are the 3 types of CIN:
CIN I (1). This is also called mild dysplasia.
CIN II (2). This is also called moderate dysplasia.
CIN III (3). This is also called severe dysplasia.
It is not known for sure what causes CIN but it may be caused by a
virus that is spread during sex. The virus that causes venereal warts
("HPV") is thought to play a role in many cases of CIN and cervical
cancer. You may be more likely to get CIN if you have many sex
partners or if your partner has many sex partners.
The following may put you at a higher risk of having CIN.
*Less than 20 years of age at time of first sex.
*Having a sexually transmitted disease (STD), like HPV, herpes, or
*A Pap smear test that is not normal.
A Pap test can detect pre-cancerous and cancerous cells on the
cervix. Regular Pap testing and careful medical follow-up, with
treatment if necessary, can help ensure that pre-cancerous changes in
the cervix caused by HPV infection do not develop into life
threatening cervical cancer. The Pap test used in U.S. cervical
cancer screening programs is responsible for greatly reducing deaths
from cervical cancer. For 2004, the American Cancer Society estimates
that about 10,520 women will develop invasive cervical cancer and
about 3,900 women will die from this disease. Most women who develop
invasive cervical cancer have not had regular cervical cancer
Although there is currently no medical cure for papillomavirus
infection, the lesions and warts these viruses cause can be treated.
Methods commonly used to treat lesions include cryosurgery (freezing
that destroys tissue), LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure,
the removal of tissue using a hot wire loop), and conventional
surgery. Similar treatments may be used for external genital warts.
In addition, some drugs may be used to treat external genital warts.
More information about treatment for genital warts can be found in
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Sexually
Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines 2002. Copies of the
guidelines are available at http://www.cdc.gov/STD/treatment
A study of the clinical efficacy of green tea extracts (polyphenon E;
poly E and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate [EGCG]) delivered in a form
of ointment or capsule in patients with human papilloma virus (HPV)
infected cervical lesions. Fifty-one patients with cervical lesions
(chronic cervicitis, mild dysplasia, moderate dysplasia and severe
dysplasia) were divided into four groups, as compared with 39
untreated patients as a control. Poly E ointment was applied locally
to 27 patients twice a week. For oral delivery, a 200 mg of poly E or
EGCG capsule was taken orally every day for eight to 12 weeks. In the
study, 20 out of 27 patients (74%) under poly E ointment therapy
showed a response. Six out of eight patients under poly E ointment
plus poly E capsule therapy (75%) showed a response, and three out of
six patients (50%) under poly E capsule therapy showed a response.
Six out of 10 patients (60%) under EGCG capsule therapy showed a
Overall, a 69% response rate (35/ 51) was noted for treatment with
green tea extracts, as compared with a 10% response rate (4/39) in
untreated controls (P<0.05). Thus, the data collected here
demonstrated that green tea extracts in a form of ointment and
capsule are effective for treating cervical lesions, suggesting that
green tea extracts can be a potential therapy regimen for patients
with HPV infected cervical lesions. (34).
Women who consume low amounts of foods rich in vitamin C, beta
carotene and folic acid have a higher incidence of CIN and HPV (14).
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes (beans)
will provide generous amounts of these nutrients.
Antioxidants seem to reduce the risk of CIN (8) and cancer (21). Low
levels of vitamin A (16), vitamin C (15,16) and vitamin E (2,13) are
associated with a greater risk of CIN and possibly cervical cancer.
The amount of antioxidants in a daily multivitamin are reasonable and
Copper levels tend to be higher in women with CIN (9) or gynecologic
tumors (3). It may be wise to avoid taking copper supplements if
dealing with CIN.
Folic acid levels tend to be lower in women with dysplasia (7,10) and
HPV (4). Folic acid may help prevent CIN but does not appear to
eradicate existing CIN (24). Very high doses of folic acid have been
used in treatment but the amounts present in a B-complex supplement
or a daily multivitamin are reasonable for preventive purposes.
Pyridoxine (B6) levels tend to be low in cervical cancer (20). It is
interesting that birth control pills can lower B6 levels (1,17) and
birth control pills also seem to be a risk factor for CIN (4,5) which
can progress to cervical cancer if left untreated. Taking vitamin B6
in a daily multivitamin or B-complex supplement may be beneficial,
particularly if using birth control pills.
Riboflavin (B2) levels tend to be low in women with CIN (16).
Riboflavin vaginal suppositories have actually been shown to cause
regression of CIN (6).
Selenium levels tend to be lower in women with cervical cancer (2).
Selenium has been shown to reduce the incidence of experimentally
induced cervical cancer in laboratory animals (12). A dose of 200
micrograms daily of selenium is reasonable and safe (18). This amount
of selenium is often available in a daily multivitamin.
Zinc levels tend to be lower in women with CIN (9) or gynecologic
tumors (3). Taking 15 - 30 milligrams of zinc daily in a multivitamin
STD information and referrals to STD Clinics
1. Bermond P: Therapy of side effects of oral contraceptive agents
with vitamin B6. Acta Vitaminol Enzymol 1982;4(1-2):45-54.
2. Bhuvarahamurthy V, Balasubramanian N & Govindasamy S: Effect of
radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy on circulating antioxidant system
of human uterine cervical carcinoma. Mol Cell Biochem 1996 May 10;158
3. Brandes JM, Lightman A, Drugan A et al: The diagnostic value of
serum copper/zinc ratio in gynecological tumors. Acta Obstet Gynecol
4. Butterworth CE: Folate deficiency and cervical dysplasia. JAMA
5. Castaneda-Iniguez MS, Toledo-Cisneros R & Aguilera-Delgadillo M:
[Risk factors for cervico-uterine cancer in women in Zacatecas] Salud
Publica Mex 1998 Jul-Aug;40(4):330-8.
6. Chen RD: [Chemoprevention of cervical cancer--intervention study
of cervical precancerous lesions by retinamide II and riboflavin]
Chung Hua Chung Liu Tsa Chih 1993 Jul;15(4):272-4.
7. Fowler BM, Giuliano AR, Piyathilake C et al: Hypomethylation in
cervical tissue: is there a correlation with folate status? Cancer
Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1998 Oct;7(10):901-6.
8. Goodman MT, Kiviat N, McDuffie K et al:,,The association of plasma
micronutrients with the risk of cervical dysplasia in Hawaii. Cancer
Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1998 Jun;7(6):537-44.
9. Grail A & Norval M: Copper and zinc levels in serum from patients
with abnormalities of the uterine cervix. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
10. Grio R, Piacentino R, Marchino GL et al: Antineoblastic activity
of antioxidant vitamins: the role of folic acid in the prevention of
cervical dysplasia. Panminerva Med 1993 Dec;35(4):193-6.
11. Ho GY, Kadish AS, Burk RD, Basu J, Palan PR, Mikhail M, Romney
SL: HPV 16 and cigarette smoking as risk factors for high-grade
cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia. Int J Cancer 1998 Oct 29;78
12. Hussain SP, Rao AR: Chemopreventive action of selenium on
methylcholanthrene-induced carcinogenesis in the uterine cervix of
mouse. Oncology 1992;49(3):237-40.
13. Kwasniewska A, Charzewska J, Tukendorf A, Semczuk M: Dietary
factors in women with dysplasia colli uteri associated with human
papillomavirus infection. Nutr Cancer 1998;30(1):39-45.
14. Kwasniewska A, Tukendorf A, Semczuk M: Content of alpha-
tocopherol in blood serum of human Papillomavirus-infected women with
cervical dysplasias. Nutr Cancer 1997;28(3):248-51.
15. Liu T, Soong SJ, Alvarez RD et al: A longitudinal analysis of
human papillomavirus 16 infection, nutritional status, and cervical
dysplasia progression. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1995 Jun;4
16. Liu T, Soong SJ, Wilson NP et al: A case control study of
nutritional factors and cervical dysplasia. Cancer Epidemiol
Biomarkers Prev 1993 Nov-Dec;2(6):525-30.
17. Masse PG, van den Berg H, Duguay C et al: Early effect of a low
dose (30 micrograms) ethinyl estradiol-containing Triphasil on
vitamin B6 status. A follow-up study on six menstrual cycles. Int J
Vitam Nutr Res 1996;66(1):46-54
18. Patterson BH & Levander OA: Naturally occurring selenium
compounds in cancer chemoprevention trials: a workshop summary.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1997 Jan;6(1):63-9.
19. Potischman N: Nutritional epidemiology of cervical neoplasia. J
Nutr 1993 Feb;123(2 Suppl):424-9.
20. Ramaswamy PG & Natarajan R: Vitamin B6 status in patients with
cancer of the uterine cervix. Nutr Cancer 1984;6(3):176-80.
21. Reddy BS: Micronutrients as chemopreventive agents. IARC Sci Publ
22. Roteli-Martins CM, Panetta K, Alves VA et al: Cigarette smoking
and high-risk HPV DNA as predisposing factors for high-grade cervical
intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in young Brazilian women. Acta Obstet
Gynecol Scand 1998 Jul;77(6):678-82.
23. Yoshikawa H, Nagata C, Noda K et al: Human papillomavirus
infection and other risk factors for cervical intraepithelial
neoplasia in Japan. Br J Cancer 1999 May;80(3-4):621-4.
24. Zarcone R, Bellini P, Carfora E, et al. Folic acid and cervix
dysplasia. Minerva Ginecol 1996;48:397-400. alteration of glucose
25. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of STD
Prevention. Prevention of genital HPV infection and sequelae: Report
of an external consultants' meeting. December 1999.
26. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted
diseases treatment guidelines 2002. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly
Report 2002; 51(RR�6).
27. Chu NR. Therapeutic vaccination for the treatment of mucosotropic
human papillomavirus-associated disease. Expert Opinion on Biological
Therapy 2003; 3(3):477�486.
28. Ho GYF, Bierman R, Beardsley L, Chang CJ, Burk RD. Natural
history of cervicovaginal papilloma virus infection in young women. N
Engl J Med 1998;338:423-8.
29. Koutsky LA, Kiviat NB. Genital human papillomavirus. In: K.
Holmes, P. Sparling, P. Mardh et al (eds). Sexually Transmitted
Diseases, 3rd edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999, p. 347-359.
30. Kiviat NB, Koutsky LA, Paavonen J. Cervical neoplasia and other
STD-related genital tract neoplasias. In: K. Holmes, P. Sparling, P.
Mardh et al (eds). Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 3rd edition. New
York: McGraw-Hill, 1999, p. 811-831.
31. Myers ER, McCrory DC, Nanda K, Bastian L, Matchar DB.
Mathematical model for the natural history of human papillomavirus
infection and cervical carcinogenesis. American Journal of
Epidemiology 2000; 151(12):1158-1171.
32. Watts DH, Brunham RC. Sexually transmitted diseases, including
HIV infection in pregnancy. In: K. Holmes, P. Sparling, P. Mardh et
al (eds). Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 3rd edition. New York:
McGraw-Hill, 1999, 1089-1132.
33. Weinstock H, Berman S, Cates W. Sexually transmitted disease
among American youth: Incidence and prevalence estimates, 2000.
Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2004; 36: 6-10..
34. WS Ahn, J Yoo, SW Huh -Protective effects of green tea extracts
on human cervical lesions - polyphenon E and EGCG - Brief Article,
Alternative Medicine Review, Nov, 2003
by Jon Rhodes
When people find out that I am a hypnotherapist, they often ask if I can help them access their past lives. Maybe is all I can reply. I have been a clinical hypnotherapist for several years now, and have performed past life regressions on numerous occasions. I have even experienced one myself. However I am yet to be convinced that hypnosis can actually helps us remember a real past life experience.
What I notice about most people�s details of their past lives is that the information usually comes straight from a history book. The details are usually things that are widely known. They may have been a soldier in the battle of Hastings, or painted pictures of Henry VIII. I have never heard people talk in foreign languages that were unknown to them, or different accents. I have never seen anyone demonstrate any lost skills that they had in a past life.
Despite these warnings, people are still intrigued. In my mind the jury is still out as to whether we even have past lives. Many think that we do, which they are perfectly entitled to believe. I understand that to these people, they will see hypnosis as a possible way of assessing this missing time on earth, which can be comforting and therapeutic.
I experienced a past life regression several years ago. This was during my training as a clinical hypnotherapist. After being guided into trance, I was regressed backwards through my life, making me younger and younger. Eventually I was regressed back further, to a point before I was born.
I recalled being a hunter gatherer in a forest, providing for my family. I remember being aware of sporting a beard, and using a wooden spear, and bow and arrow. It was all very Robin Hood, but did seem quite �real� at the time. I did not have to put any effort into these details, they just flowed into my mind. I simply relaxed my mind, and allowed these thought to come, no matter what they were. I do know that the subconscious part of the mind is very creative, and more than capable of making these sorts of details up, without any conscious effort at all. However I was still a little intrigued.
I was then took to the point just before dying in that life. I remember lying on the forest floor with a wound to my right shoulder, slowly dying. I knew I was dying, but was in no pain. I realised that I had been attacked by some animal that had horns or antlers, although I did not see this happen. As I led there staring up at the trees, I felt a sense of loneliness. I was dying on my own, without anyone to comfort me. I knew my family were not far away, but I could not go to them for comfort. This made me feel a tinge of sadness.
When I woke up, I was fairly convinced that I had experienced some memories from a past life of mine. It was so vivid, and so emotional. However as time passed, I became more sceptical, thinking that it is very possible that it was all fabricated by my subconscious mind, in order to satisfy what was expected of me during the session. This is very possible, but who knows?
I cannot say for sure whether hypnosis can help you access a past life, or even that we have had a past life. Perhaps this does not really matter. It was a worthwhile experience. I somehow felt a little wiser because of this. I remembered how lonely I felt as I stared upwards from the forest floor, yearning for the comfort of my family. This made me realise how precious people in your life are, and how I should not take people for granted. The experience of being a bearded hunter taught me this lesson several years ago, which I will never forget. To this day I bear this in mind, and I am grateful to him whoever or whatever he is.
Jon Rhodes is a very experienced UK clinical hypnotherapist. He runs a free hypnosis site at http://www.freehypnosistreatment.com . Click to visit a free hypnosis site, or here for hypnosis audios
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Hypoglycemia is abnormally low levels of sugar (glucose) in the
blood. A low blood glucose level can occur when your blood glucose
drops below a certain level (usually less than 4 mmol/L).
Hypoglycemia literally means "low blood sugar" and is often mistaken
for a disease when it is actually a symptom.
Normally, the body maintains the levels of sugar in the blood within
a range of about 70 to 110 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood.
In hypoglycemia, the sugar levels in the blood become too low. In
diabetes mellitus, the sugar levels in the blood become too high, a
condition called hyperglycemia. Although high levels of sugar in the
blood characterize diabetes, many people with diabetes periodically
experience hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is uncommon among people
Low levels of sugar in the blood interfere with the function of many
organ systems. The brain is particularly sensitive to low sugar
levels, because sugar is the brain's major energy source. If the
sugar levels in the blood fall far below their usual range, the brain
responds by stimulating the adrenal glands to release epinephrine
(adrenaline), the pancreas to release glucagon, and the pituitary
gland to release growth hormone, all of which cause the liver to
release sugar into the blood.
Ingested sugars and carbohydrates trigger a release of the hormone
insulin from the pancreas. Insulin helps the body turn sugars into
energy and stored fats. In some people, the amount of insulin
released is too high for the amount of carbohydrates ingested,
resulting in too much sugar being burned up too quickly. A net loss
of blood sugar results. In hypoglycemia attacks, there is too much
insulin and not enough blood sugar, causing fatigue, weakness, loss
of consciousness, and even death.
There are three general types of hypoglycemia. Two of them are rare
organic forms involving the pancreas. The third and most common form
is called functional hypoglycemia (FH) and is usually caused by an
inadequate diet too high in sugar and refined carbohydrates.
Hypoglycemia may be better described as carbohydrate intolerance: the
body is unable to absorb certain carbohydrate loads effectively
without adverse consequences. Different people react differently to
ingested sugars and starches, with some individuals having a higher
tolerance level than others.
The kidneys involve the regulation of electrolyte balance of sodium
and potassium, necessary for the circulation of bio electrical energy
throughout the body. The kidney involves the secretion of
glucocorticoid hormone, cortisol, from the adrenal cortex. Kidneys
involving adrenaline secretions of the adrenal medula, also involve
other endocrine functions including the pituitary and thyroid glands.
The prominent hormone-regulating role played by the adrenals is
important in the regulation of the autonomic nervous system.
Drugs: Most cases of hypoglycemia occur in people with diabetes and
are caused by the insulin or other drugs. They tend to lower the
levels of sugar in their blood. People with diabetes sometimes call
the hypoglycemia that can occur after taking insulin an "insulin
reaction" or "weak or shaky." Insulin reactions are more common when
intense efforts are made to keep the sugar levels in the blood as
close to normal as possible. People who are losing weight or who
develop kidney failure are more likely to have hypoglycemia. Older
people are more susceptible than younger people to hypoglycemia
resulting from sulfonylurea drugs.
Many drugs other than those for diabetes, most notably Pentamidine,
used to treat a form of pneumonia that occurs most seen in HIV, and
quinine, used to treat muscle cramps, can cause hypoglycemia.
An uncommon type of drug-related hypoglycemia sometimes occurs in
people with M�sen syndrome, who secretly take insulin or other
drugs as part of their attention-seeking behavior
Fasting: In fasting hypoglycemia, the body is not able to maintain
adequate levels of sugar in the blood after a period without food.
Prolonged fasting and prolonged strenuous exercise, even after a
period of fasting, are unlikely to cause hypoglycemia in otherwise
healthy people, but they can do so occasionally.
There are several diseases or conditions that can cause fasting
hypoglycemia. In people who drink heavily without eating, alcohol can
block the release of stored sugar from the liver. In people with
liver disease, such as viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, or cancer, the
liver may not store sufficient sugar. Infants and children who have
an abnormality of the enzyme systems that control sugar use also may
have fasting hypoglycemia.
Reaction to Eating: Hypoglycemia can occur as a reaction to eating,
usually carbohydrates. The body's response to food is excessive, so
the body produces more insulin than is needed.
After certain types of stomach surgery, such as removal of part of
the stomach, sugars are absorbed very quickly, stimulating excess
insulin production. Problems with digestion of some sugars (fructose
and galactose) and amino acids (leucine) may also cause reactive
hypoglycemia. An uncommon form of reactive hypoglycemia can occur
after drinking alcohol in combination with sugar (for example, a gin
Other Causes: Some causes of hypoglycemia seem to have no specific
relation to food, but fasting or vigorous exercise can trigger or
worsen an episode of hypoglycemia. Rarely, a tumor in the pancreas
can produce large amounts of insulin, leading to hypoglycemia. In
some people, an autoimmune disorder lowers sugar levels in the blood
by changing insulin secretion or by some other means. Disorders that
lower hormone production by the pituitary and adrenal glands (most
notably Addison's disease) can cause hypoglycemia. Certain severe
diseases, such as kidney or heart failure, cancer, and shock, may
also cause hypoglycemia, particularly in a person who is also being
treated for diabetes. Hypoglycemia is associated with anxiousness,
and seen in asthmatics, in fact, most all asthmatics are hypogylcemic
though not all hypoglycemics are asthmatic.
Hypoglycemia: How to treat low blood glucose
(As recommended by the American Diabetes Association)
Check your blood glucose. If you do not have your meter with you
treat the symptoms anyway. It is better to be safe. Eat or drink a
form of sugar such as:
*3 B-D Glucose Tablets or 5 Dextrose Tablets
*6 Life Savers
*3/4 cup of juice or regular soda
*1 tablespoon of honey.
Wait 10 to 15 minutes, then test your blood glucose again.
Stay active: Regular exercise helps your body lower blood sugars,
promotes weight loss, reduces stress and enhances overall fitness.
Talk to your doctor about Kidney Yin and Kidney Yang can be seen as frequent cloudy urination,
five center heat sensation, thirsty, cold feeling, aversion to cold,
weak lower back and knees, impotence, amenorrhea, night sweat,
spontaneous sweat, dry/dull complexion. In TCM, the concept of the
`kidney', as the home of the `ancestral Qi' or our inherent
constitution, is the root of yin and yang for the entire body.
Traditional Chines Medicine Patterns
Liver Qi Stagnation:Depression, fullness of abdomen, pain and a tight feeling in the
chest, irregular menstruation. Reddish tongue with whitish fur, tight
and thready pulse.
Treatment principle: Sooth depressed Liver Qi to relieve emotional
Acupuncture treatment: Points: G B 24, Liv 14, BL19, GB 34, St 36, St 41, Ren 4, Ren 17
Formula: Chai Hu Shu Gan San
Deficiency of liver and kidney:
Shortness of breath, bad dreams, depression, indigestion, fatigue,
overweight, dizziness, blurred vision, tinnitus, tongue with white
fur, thready and weak pulse.
Treatment principle: Tonify and nourish the liver and kidney.
Acupuncture Treatment: Points: Pc 6, H t 7, Sp 6, UB 20, UB 23, Lv 3, St 10, Sp 4.
Formula: Yi Guan Jian
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Primary Hypothyroidism, or under active thyroid gland, may cause a variety of symptoms and may affect all body functions. The body's normal rate of functioning slows, causing mental and physical sluggishness. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe, with the most severe form called myxedema, which is a medical emergency. The secretion of T3 and T4 is controlled by the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus. Thyroid disorders may result not only from defects in the thyroid gland itself, but also from abnormalities of the pituitary or hypothalamus.
The most common cause of Hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's Thyroiditis, a disease of the thyroid gland where the body's immune system attacks the gland. Failure of the pituitary gland to secrete a hormone to stimulate the thyroid gland (secondary Hypothyroidism) is a less common cause of Hypothyroidism. Other causes include congenital defects, surgical removal of the thyroid gland, irradiation of the gland, or inflammatory conditions.
A physical examination reveals delayed relaxation of muscles during tests of reflexes. Pale, yellow skin; loss of the outer edge of the eyebrows; thin and brittle hair; coarse facial features; brittle nails; firm swelling of the arms and legs; and mental dullness may be present. Vital signs may reveal slow heart rate, low blood pressure, and low body temperature.
A chest X-ray may reveal an enlarged heart.
A complete blood count (CBC) that shows anemia.
Laboratory tests to determine thyroid function include:
T4 test (low)
serum TSH (high in primary Hypothyroidism, low or low-normal in secondary Hypothyroidism)
Additional laboratory abnormalities may include:
increased Cholesterol levels
increased liver enzymes
increased serum prolactin
low serum sodium
The most common cause is Hashimoto's Thyroiditis. The thyroid is gradually destroyed, Hypothyroidism develops.
Subacute painless Thyroiditis and subacute painful Thyroiditis can both cause transient Hypothyroidism. The Hypothyroidism is transient because the thyroid is not destroyed.
Hypothyroidism can develop from complete lack of thyroid hormone production because of radioactive iodine or surgical removal of the thyroid gland, both of which are used to treat Hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer.
Some causes of Hypothyroidism include some inherited disorders in which an abnormality of the enzymes in thyroid cells prevents the gland from making or secreting enough thyroid hormones. In other rare disorders, either the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland fails to secrete enough thyroid-stimulating hormone, which is necessary for normal stimulation of the thyroid.
Insufficient thyroid hormone causes body functions to slow. Symptoms are subtle and develop gradually. They may be mistaken for depression, especially among older people. Facial expressions become dull, the voice is hoarse and speech is slow, eyelids droop, and the eyes and face become puffy. Many people with Hypothyroidism gain weight, become constipated, and are unable to tolerate cold. The hair becomes sparse, coarse, and dry, and the skin becomes coarse, dry, scaly, and thick. Some people develop carpal tunnel syndrome, which makes the hands tingle or hurt.
Usually Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed with one simple blood test: the measurement of thyroid-stimulating hormone. Many experts suggest that the test be performed at least every other year in people older than 55, because Hypothyroidism is so common among older people yet so difficult, in its mild stages, for doctors to distinguish from other disorders that affect people in this age group.
In those rare cases of Hypothyroidism caused by inadequate secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone, a second blood test is needed to measure the level of the thyroid hormone T4 that is not bound by protein (free). A low level confirms the diagnosis of Hypothyroidism. A total T4 and/or Free T4, and a Total T3 and/or Free T3 should be run in addition to a TSH. (Many doctors use the T3 uptake test, but it is not a direct test of T3 levels, and can be influenced by other hormones.
The T7 test or Free T4 Index is a calculated test and of little value. Then get the actual value of your blood tests and compare them with the lab reference ranges. The lab reference ranges are very wide, and you might not feel well with low normal results. Some doctors realize this, and you might be able to talk him/her into a trial of thyroid hormone with low normal lab values. Often, thyroid antibodies tests and TRH stimulation test are abnormal even when blood tests are within reference ranges.
A TRH stimulation test measures one form of secondary Hypothyroidism, originating in the pituitary gland.
Treatment involves replacing thyroid hormone using one of several oral preparations. The preferred form of hormone replacement is synthetic T4. Another form, desiccated (dried) thyroid, is obtained from the thyroid glands of animals. In general, desiccated thyroid is less satisfactory than synthetic T4 because the content of thyroid hormones in the tablets may vary. In emergencies, such as myxedema coma, doctors may give synthetic T4, T3, or both intravenously. Treatment begins with small doses of thyroid hormone, because too large a dose can cause serious side effects, although large doses may be necessary. The starting dose and the rate of increase are especially small in older people, who are often most at risk of side effects. The dose is gradually increased until the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone in the person�s blood return to normal.
Argentum nitricum is an excellent homeopathic remedy for people who are extremely anxious. They are usually open, outgoing, talkative, and very likeable. They sometimes have so much mental energy pouring out that they find it difficult to not say too much. They often have a very strong desire for sweets and can have a terrible aggravation after ingesting them. They can have considerable anticipatory anxiety, fears about their health, and often extreme claustrophobia, fear of elevators, bridges, high places, and corners.
The first way to combat low thyroid hormones is by avoiding goitrogenic foods like soybeans, peanuts, millet, turnips, cabbage and mustard. These foods block the thyroid from using iodine, an element vital for thyroid hormone production.
Kelp, for the mineral content, is very beneficial, especially the iodine, and tyrosine, since T3 and T4 both are made from tyrosine.
Everyone should take a basic multivitamin, including C, E, Vitamin D, Zinc, all the B Vitamins and beta-carotene for Vitamin A. Balanced minerals are crucial for proper function of the whole body and are also central to thyroid hormone synthesis.
Thyrolar provides both T3 and T4 hormones. Once the body begins to get normal amounts of these hormones, symptoms will disappear. After that, periodic blood tests should be done to determine if the dosage is correct.
Fulvic Acid (not to be confused with folic acid - B vitamin) can prevent and treat thyroid disease including Hypothyroidism; Hyperthyroidism, Graves Diesease and Wilson�s Syndrome, plus many other conditions. Outpatient medical hospital studies on overactivethyroid had a 90.9% cure rate within a six month period when patients were treated with fulvic acid medication (Yan, Shenyan; Tongren Hospital, Beijing: Fulvic Acid, 4 (1988).
Thyroid malfunction, both overactive and underactive, is generally due to autoimmune response by the body generally caused by a build up of dangerous toxins, chlorinated substances, viruses, pathogens, infections, pesticides, altered enzymes or hormones in the tissues of the thyroid gland.
Journaling can be a wonderful release as well as reflection on the events and moments in our lives. I have found it to be great therapy and can lend itself to great expression without reservation. I suggested the patient start writing in a journal. This took him 4 weeks to buy and another three weeks to finally write in it.
Exercise: Regular exercise helps your body lower blood sugars, promotes weight loss, reduces stress and enhances overall fitness.
Meditation and visualization techniques are very helpful in order to see the big picture, work on reducing Stress levels and calming the mind.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
A chronic lack of iodine in the diet is the most common cause of Hypothyroidism in many developing countries. This is less evident in the United States because iodine is added to table salt; iodine is also present in dairy products. Some causes of Hypothyroidism include some inherited disorders or Kidney Jing deficiency in which essence from both parents is not strong during conception. Other patterns include Qi Stagnation which leads to Blood Stasis, Blood Deficiency or Phlegm patterns.
Kidney Jing Deficiency
Slow mental/physical development in children, late or incomplete fontanel closure in infants, poor skeletal development, brittle bones, soreness and weakness of the lumbar region and knees, mental retardation, poor memory, premature aging and senility, dizziness, deafness, tinnitus, low sex drive, infertility, premature graying and hair loss. Tongue varies (Deficient Yin or Yang) Usually yin is more deficient, and a red, peeled tongue is more evident.
Treatment principle: Tonify kd jing and essence.
Points: Kd 3, 6, Ren 3,4 7, Ub 23, Sp 6, Ht 6
Formula: Zuo Gui Yin
distention, distending pain that moves from place to place, hypochondrium pain, epigastric pain, throat, abdomen discomfort, abdominal masses that appear and disappear, mental depression, irritability, frequent mood swings, frequent sighing, high Stress levels and emotional issues. The pulse is thready, slow and short, entering and exiting with difficulty, knotted rapid with irregular beats. Tongue: can be normal with thin white coat or slightly purple.
Treatment principle: tonify Qi
Points: Ren 2,3,4, 6, 17, Lv 2, 3, 13, 14, LI 4
Formula: Chai Hu Shu Gan San
Abdominal pain (fixed) with hardenings, hypochondriac pain (sharp, stabbing), irritable, Indigestion, Constipation. Pulse: wiry ortaut and hesitant; Tongue: purple with spots on the side.
Treatment principle: move blood
Points: SP 10, Ub 17, Ren 17, Lv 3, LI 4
Formula: Tao He Cheng Qi Tang
Pale complexion, pale lips, thin skin, dry, pale cracked skin, palpitations and irritability, insomnia, poor memory, sensation in the chest, hiccups, sudden loss of voice, convulsions, frequent sorrow without any obvious causes, abnormal joy or rage, unreasonable suspicion or fear, thin white tongue or dry coating, wiry and thin pulse.
Treatment principle: tonify blood
Points: Sp 6, 8, 10, UB 17, ST 36, Ren 6
Formula: Si Wu Tang
Phlegm mainly arises from Spleen Deficiency as it fails to transform and transport body fluid. Lung and Kidney can also be involved if Lungs fail to disperse and lower fluids and if the kidneys fail to transform and excrete fluids, they can then accumulate into Phlegm. There are 2 types: substantial, which can be seen (phlegm), and non-substantial, which can't be seen (rheum). Excessive consumption of greasy foods and/or cold and raw foods can contribute to this condition.
Treatment principle: clear and resolve phlegm
Points: Ren 22, ST 40, LI 4
Formula: Ba Xin Tang
Acupuncture & Hypothyroidism
Acupuncture has traditionally been successfully employed in China to treat most illnesses and there is little doubt that acupuncture is an excellent therapy for people suffering with this condition. There are several studies suggesting that acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine can be very helpful in the treatment of Hypothyroidism. For instance, in a study at the Shanghai Medical University in China, 32 patients with Hypothyroidism were treated over a period of one year with a Chinese herbal preparation to stimulate the kidney meridian (energy channel).
The results were compared with a control group of 34 people. At the end of the study, the clinical symptoms of Hypothyroidism were reported to be markedly improved confirming that Hypothyroidism is closely related to deficiency of kidney energy. (1)
(1) Relation of Hypothyroidism and deficiency of kidney yang Zha LL, Inst. of the Integr. of TCM-WM Med., Shanghai Med. Univ. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih (CHINA) Apr 1993, 13 (4) p202-4,195
Traditional Chinese Medicine & Hypothyroidism
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine has been shown to offer an effective alternative treatment for people suffering from hypothyroidism (an under-functioning thyroid gland). In a study at the Shanghai Medical University in China, 66 patients with hypothyroidism were monitored over a period of one year.
32 patients were treated with a Chinese herbal preparation to stimulate the kidney meridian (energy channel) and their results were compared with a control group made up of the other 34 patients.At the end of the study, the clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism were reported to be markedly improved in the TCM group confirming that Traditional Chinese herbal medicine can offer real help in its treatment and suggesting that hypothyroidism is closely related to deficiency of kidney energy.
Relation of Hypothyroidism and deficiency of kidney yang Zha LL, Inst. of the Integr. Of TCM-WM Med., Shanghai Med. Univ. Chung Kuo Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih (CHINA) Apr 1993, 13 (4) p202-4,195
1. Kuang Ankun, Din Tin, et al., Clinical observation of hypo- and hyper-thyroidism treated with traditional Chinese medicine and changes of plasma cyclonucleotides, Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine 1980, 21 (11).
2. Li Changdu and Li Peili, Treatment of Hypothyroidism with Chinese Herbs, Journal of Guiyang Traditional Chinese Medicine College 1990, 1.
3. Kuang An-kun, et al., The relationship between the therapeutic effect of TCM on primary Hypothyroidism and nuclear T3 receptors in lymphocytes, Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine 1988, 8(11).
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16. Larsen PR, et al. (1998). The thyroid gland. In JD Wilson et al., eds., Williams Textbook of Endocrinology, 9th ed., pp. 389�515. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.Utiger RD (1999). Maternal Hypothyroidism and fetal development. New England Journal of Medicine, 341(8): 601�602
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