St. Brigid was born in A.D. 451 or 452 to a pagan father (Dubthach) and Christian slave mother (Broicsech) just after the time that St. Patrick was preaching. It is said a Bishop met the pregnant slave mother and predicted that the child she was carrying would do great things.
It is said, too, that a Druid of Dubthach’s household had predicted that there would soon be born one who “shall be called from her great virtues, the truly pious Brigid”.
St. Brigid is the patroness of dairy maids, infants, midwives, blacksmiths, poets, nuns, and students. Along with St. Patrick, she is the patroness of Ireland.
St. Brigid’s Cross has long been a symbol associated with the Irish goddess, Brighid, who presides over home and hearth.
The girl who was later adopted into the Christian faith as St. Bridget was said to have woven this cross in order to help a dying pagan solider convert to Christianity.
Other legends suggest the cross is actually a wheel of fire. In parts of Ireland, Brighid is known as the triple goddess of the crossroads,representing heaven, earth and otherworld or the place where three worlds meet, and the year is at a crossroads between light and dark. She is also known as having two other sisters named Brigid and was an expert in poetry, divination and prophecy.
Although predating Christianity, this cross was given the name of St. Brigid Cross. Together these four arms of the cross represent the cardinal directions and the four elements or four major holidays in the Wheel of the Year.