Botanical name: piper nigrum
Use: A good warming oil for winter. It should be used very infrequently as it is an
extremely powerful oil. Used in very small amounts it is an antispasmodic, which, when
rubbed over the abdomen can alleviate bowel cramps and griping pains. Excellent oil for
muscular pain, fatigue and stiffness. Fights infection.
Perfume Note: Middle
Blends well with: Ylang Ylang, Basil
Production method: steam distilled
Aromatherapy benefits: stimulating, invigorating
Aroma type: spicy, sensual
Warning: use in very small quantities, this oil can cause liver damage with overuse, and
is also a skin irritant.
Safety Information: avoid over use on the skin