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Alternative, Complementary and Integrative Health articles written by some of the most beloved, respected, outrageous and progressive healers and thinkers in the global healthcare field today! Hundreds of topics are covered, including articles on health maladies, disorders and therapies. Some of the topics covered include Aromatherapy, Herbal Medicine, Acupuncture, Exercise, Nutrition and Lifestyle Changes, Energy Medicine, Crystals and Homeopathy. You may access other health topics, all organized alphabetically.
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by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Planning a healthy Thanksgiving is easy and affordable. When we think of this feast day, we think of foods laden with rich gravies, sugar filled desserts and heavy dressings. I offer up some "alternative answers" and finds substitutes for these Thanksgiving table favorites that are high in processed sugar, saturated fats and cholesterol.
Rosemary and Garlic Roasted Turkey
1 whole turkey (10 to 12 pounds)
6 to 8 garlic cloves
2 large lemons, halved
2 teaspoons dried rosemary, crushed
1 teaspoon rubbed sage
Cut six to eight small slits in turkey skin insert garlic between the skin
and meat. Squeeze two lemon halves inside the turkey and leave them inside.
Squeeze remaining lemon over outside of turkey. Spray the turkey with
nonstick cooking spray; sprinkle with rosemary and sage.
Place on a rack in a roasting pan. Bake, uncovered, at 325 degrees F for 1 hour.
Cover and bake 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 hours longer or until a meat thermometer reads
185 degrees F. Serving: 8-10.
Super Squash Soup
1 red onion chopped fine
2 cups chicken stock
2 cups pumpkin puree
pinch of finely chopped ginger
dash of fat free milk or milk alternative (soy, rice, almond)
pinch of cinnamon
Prepare: Saute onions until tender. Add chicken stock and pumpkin puree and ginger. Simmer for 10 minutes. Add milk (alternative) and cinnamon.
Homemade Gravy without the fat
You can make gravy from your turkey drippings but only use the drippings that are not fatty. You can see the fat floating on the top of the drippings. Skim that fat off with a table spoon before you make your gravy. After you skim off the fat on the turkey drippings then boil the drippings and add a cup of water mixed with corn starch. Mix the ingredients until they are thick like gravy.
Low Fat Gravy
1/2 cup finely chopped onion
1/2 cup finely chopped fresh mushrooms
2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley
2 cups reduced-sodium fat-free beef or chicken broth, divided
2 tablespoons cornstarch
Prepare: In a saucepan, saute onion, mushrooms and parsley in 1/4 cup broth until
vegetables are tender. Combine cornstarch, pepper and 1/2 cup of broth; stir
until smooth. Add to pan with the remaining broth. Bring to a boil, stirring
occasionally: boil for 2 minutes. Serving: 2 cups.
Orange Zest Mashed Potatoes
Sweet potatoes are a wonderful low calorie, low glycemic alternative to white potatoes when prepared properly.
4 medium sweet potatoes
1 cup pumpkin puree
1 cup hot milk (or milk alternative such as soy, almond, rice or fat free milk)
1 tsp olive oil
2 tsp orange zest
Prepare: cook sweet potatoes until tender. Peel and transfer to bowl. Stir in 1 cup pumpkin puree. Mash with fork until smooth. Stir in milk and splash in olive oil. Add orange zest and serve. Serves 6-8.
Fresh Fruit Compote
Fresh fruit is great part of any Thanksgiving meal. Fruit represents abundance and it is a great source of vitamins and fiber. Consider melons, grapefruit, oranges, apples, cherries, apricots, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries or any fruit you would like and cut them into bite size pieces. Mix them all together to make a tasty fruit salad. You can cut and squeeze one lemon over the fruit. As an addition, add dried cranberries, acai berries or a handful of chopped walnuts, almond slivers or mini carob bits.
Fat Free Pumpkin Pie
1 cup dry bread crumbs
1 small Sugar pumpkin (2 lbs. size)
1 1/2 cup Pumpkin, canned
4 Egg whites
2/3 cup Sugar (or sugar alternative such as agave or stevia)
1 teaspoon Cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon Ginger
1 teaspoon Finely grated fresh ginger root
1/4 teaspoon Nutmeg
1 1/4 cup Fat free evaporated milk
Crust Preparation: Spray 9" pie plate with vegetable cooking spray. Scatter crumbs evenly pressing into plate. Spray crumbs with spray & bake crust at 350 degrees F. for 10-15 minutes until dry and lightly brown.
Cool on rack.
Filling Preparation: If using fresh pumpkin, rinse, stem, and halve pumpkin. Scrape out the seeds and cut into 2" chunks. Using paring knife, remove skin & place pumpkin in large baking dish. Add 1/2 c water & cover dish tightly with foil.
Bake at 350 degrees F. for on hour, until soft, checking to make sure that water has not evaporated, adding more if needed. Cool and puree pumpkin in food processor.
Scrape cooked fresh pumpkin or canned pumpkin into bowl then whisk in egg whites. Whisk in sugar, cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg & evaporated milk, one ingredient at a time, whisking smooth between each addition.
Pour into prepared crust. Bake at 350 degree F until filling is set, 1 hour. Cool on rack. Refrigerate if prepared more than a few hours in advance of serving. Serving:6-8
A Word About Eating
Yes, it is a holiday but that does not mean you have to go into an uncontrollable spiral! Be aware of your calorie intake. If you are unsure about the calories in your meal, I feel it is essential to learn this amazing tool for effective weight loss. Record in your ledger or journal the calories of everything you put in your mouth for one week. Be in tune to the total calories you consume daily, and make an effort to replace high-fat foods with low-calorie ones like vegetables and fruits.
Discipline applies to any matter in life. I cannot stress enough how discipline is the second most important aspect in weight control or achieving any kind of success in your life! It is the secret to the most effective, efficient and well strategic plan you can give yourself! Being successful, losing weight, maintaining relationships are not tasks that come easy for most people. They are all things we must work hard on creating, keeping and maintaining! (Why do you think diet plans have *Results not typical with an asterisks? Because most people have a lack of discipline). You probably already have some forms of discipline in your life. You pay your bills by a certain time, you show up for work every day, often plan your finances, your meals or walk your dog. These are all disciplines in your life already. Some of us need a little more in our lives than others. The whole idea with these suggestions is to show you just how much you are eating, how many calories you are consuming and to get you into a pattern, which will set you up for great success!
Portion control does not have to go out the window on the holiday. This was a hard lesson for me to learn. As a dancer and someone who always worked out, I felt I had my portioning under control. I eventually learned why I would get that bloated and discomfort feeling after eating. It was my portion size. Sure I was active and exercising but as I aged and my metabolism slowed, my portions were not changing with the rest of me! Once I understood the discipline behind this, it changed my life!
If it all goes out the window in wild abandon, please, forego the guilt and take solace that although you had one day of calorie binging, it is better than doing this everyday. Guilt has never served anyone in any capacity. Making these tips a lifestyle, over time, is the key.
byWilliam Gladstone, Richard Greninger, and John Selby,
Authors of Tapping the Source: Using the Master Key System for Abundance and Happiness
As we approach Thanksgiving and the beginning of the holiday season, we hopefully find our hearts opening, eager to share in uplifting feelings like gratitude, inner harmony and joyful relating. During this time of year we can realize that true happiness comes not from possessions and accomplishments but from inner feelings of compassion, thankfulness and belonging to a greater community of family, friends, and world sharing.
But experiencing these uplifting feelings during the holiday season, for most people, is easier said than done. How can you take charge of your own inner experience, and actively tap into the true spirit of the holiday season?
My co-authors and I sought to answer this core question in our new book and upcoming film, Tapping the Source: Using the Master Key System for Abundance and Happiness
, wherein we explore in depth the true secret to achieving not just wealth, health and material abundance but spontaneous joy and lasting happiness.
The secret of feeling genuinely good inside your own heart has been known for thousands of years: you must first look inward regularly and reconnect with your ultimate Source of life and love and power, in order to nurture all the good feelings that constitute happiness. Connect with your Source, and then open up and feel natural thankfulness for everything that’s coming into your life each new moment.
The truth is, without experiencing gratitude you will never be able to access the true joy of your authentic self. Feeling thankful, and in response giving of yourself to others, does feel good! That's the heart of the holiday spirit. Your challenge is in remembering to focus on these positive feelings, so that they manifest in your life.
In our book, Tapping the Source: Using the Master Key System for Abundance and Happiness,
we explore practical Focus Phrases that will help you refocus your attention regularly inward, so that you make essential contact with the spontaneous feelings of thankfulness and sharing which are the true secret of the holiday season. At the core of your being you are an essential part of the that infinite wisdom and power that created this entire universe and continues to manifest each emerging moment. Your challenge is to remember to focus on your Source and then bring its infinite love more fully into your personal world.
When you look inward to your Source and realize the joy inherent in your true nature, you naturally become brighter and more giving in your life. While interviewing over a hundred highly-successful people for our film and book, we were told again and again that the greatest joy for these artists, entrepreneurs, writers and leaders was to be of service to others. They talked about the gratitude they felt in just waking up and being alive every new day, to breath, to see, to experience … and to share their feelings and creativity and insights with others.
Where you focus your power of attention determines everything in your life. And as you approach this new Thanksgiving holiday it will be important to focus, as philanthropist Shari Arison states, on what is, and not on what is not.
Enjoy each new breath. Accept your family and friends just as they are. If you can remember to focus regularly on your ability to create joy for yourself and others, and feel thankful for each new moment of your life, then your holiday will naturally flow with more brightness and heartfelt sharing.
To help you do this, try holding special Focus Phrases in your mind as often as possible. As we teach in Tapping The Source, you can let these key words fill your whole being with the clear intent of what you want to manifest in your life:
1: " I choose to enjoy this moment."
2: "I feel thankful for all that I have."
3: "I want to share my happiness."
4: "My inner joy is right now perfect and complete."
Whatever you do this holiday, and throughout the year, you can hold these Focus Phrases often in your mind. Aim your attention in uplifting directions more often, and you’ll feel brighter, healthier, and more loving. In this age of magic bullets and synthetic external solutions, it’s wonderful to know that you need nothing outside of yourself to feel gratitude and joy.
For more audio and video support in focusing upon what you really want this holiday season and for the rest of your life, visit www.TappingDaily.org where you can preview the movie and the book, and share your experiences and insights with others.
2010 William Gladstone, Richard Greninger, and John Selby, authors of Tapping the Source
William Gladstone is an author, literary agent, and pioneer in the publishing industry who has worked with respected and influential authors including Eckhart Tolle, Deepak Chopra, Barbara Marx Hubbard, and many others.
Richard Greninger is the producer for Muk Victor Hansen's book, Mega Speaking, and the Mega Marketing seminar programs; John Assaraf's "Cloning of Success" seminars; Debbie Allen's "Maximizing Success" seminars; and Adam Urbanski's "Small Business Success Summit" seminars.
John Selby is the author of more than two dozen self-help, spiritual-growth, business-success, and psychology books published in fourteen languages with over half a million books in print. Early in his career he conducted mind-management research for NIH and the New Jersey Neuro-Psychiatric Institute, and explored innovative approaches to meditation with J. Krishnamurti, Alan Watts, and others.
by the Theosophical Society
The study of Theosophy helps us to realize that we live in a purposeful universe, that human existence has deep meaning, and that we are responsible for our thoughts and actions.
The term "Theosophy" comes from the Greek theosophia, which is composed of two words: theos ("god", "gods", or "divine") and sophia ("wisdom"). Theosophia, therefore, may be translated as the "wisdom of the gods", "wisdom in things divine", or "divine wisdom".
The word theosophy was first used in writing during the 3rd to the 6th century of our era by the Alexandrian Neo-Platonic philosophers. They used this term to denote an experiential knowledge that came through spiritual, not intellectual, means. In the course of time, several mystics and spiritual movements in the West (mainly Christian-based) adopted the word "theosophy" in their teachings. Among them we can find Meister Eckhart in the 14th century, Jacob Boehme in the 17th century, and Emanuel Swedenborg in the 18th century, and others. In the last quarter of the 19th century Mme. Blavatsky, Col. Olcott, and a group of like-minded people, founded the Theosophical Society, thus bringing the term back into light again. They claimed the work of the TS was a continuation of previous Theosophists, especially that of the Greek and Alexandrian philosophers.
In the modern Theosophical movement the word "Theosophy" has been used with several different meanings:
a) It is frequently used to describe the body of teachings that were given through Mme. Blavatsky and other Theosophical writers. This body of knowledge is frequently called "modern Theosophy" (with capital T).
b) It is also used to refer to the universal Ancient Wisdom underlying all religions, which can be found at their core when they are stripped of accretions, deletions, and superstitions. This is sometimes referred to as "ancient" or "timeless" theosophy.
These two usages refer to a body of teachings transmitted by different sages, in different parts of the world, and at different times.
c) As we have seen, theosophia refers to a Divine Wisdom, that is, a state of consciousness in which the sage or mystic goes beyond his or her mind and gets a direct, supra-conceptual, perception of Truth. This is the primary meaning of Theosophy.
It is important to notice that the intellectual study and daily practice of Theosophy is only a means to reach the real theosophia, or inner enlightenment. As we become more mindful of this, we open the door to a flash of insight which comes from the part of us that is Divine. The process of becoming more and more receptive to these theosophical insights is the spiritual path.
Modern Theosophy postulates that the field of existence embraces more than this material and passing reality we perceive through our senses. In fact, the lack of knowledge about the higher aspects of reality makes us see things from a wrong perspective, which is the root cause of suffering. We can gain knowledge of the Real, both in the universe and in human beings, by means of a holistic spiritual practice that includes study, meditation, and service.
Below are some of the basic ideas the Theosophical literature offers for consideration. However, the Theosophical Society does not ask its members to adhere to any of these ideas in particular. Members are only expected to be in agreement with the Three Objects of our organization.
Behind everything seen or unseen there is an eternal, boundless, and immutable absolute Reality, which is beyond the range of human thought. Both matter and consciousness (or spirit) are the two polar aspects of this Reality.
Theosophy postulates a cyclic universe. A universe manifests, develops, and dissolves back into the absolute Reality. After a period of cosmic rest, a new universe appears again.
Since everything proceeds from (or manifests within) this single Reality, there is only one common Life that pervades and sustains the whole universe. Every form of life is an expression of this Unity.
The visible universe is only its densest part; the whole universe contains also invisible dimensions or planes of exceedingly tenuous kinds of matter-energy interpenetrating the physical.
Theosophy postulates a universe of purpose. The entire system, visible and invisible, is the scene of a great scheme of evolution, in which life moves to ever more expressive form, more responsive awareness, and more unified consciousness.
There are no mechanical laws. The universe is pervaded by a non-anthropomorphic intelligence, which is both immanent and transcendent. Therefore, intelligence is at the basis of all laws of nature. At the same time, no super-natural miracles are possible. As H. P. Blavatsky said, "Deity is Law."
Human consciousness is in essence identical with the ultimate Reality, which Ralph Waldo Emerson called the "Oversoul." This one supreme Reality, being the root of our real Self, is shared by each of our particular beings, thus uniting us with one another.
The gradual unfolding of this latent divine Reality within us takes place over a long period of time by the process of reincarnation, which is an aspect of the cyclic law seen everywhere in nature.
The cycle of reincarnation is ruled by the law of cause and effect. As Saint Paul says "whatever we sow, we will inevitably reap". This is the law of karma by which we weave our own destiny through the ages. It is the great hope for humanity, for it gives us the opportunity to create our future by what we do in the present.
The human pilgrimage takes us from the Source, where we are an unconscious part of the One, leading us through the experience of the many, to finally take us back into union with the One Divine Reality, but now in full awareness. Our goal is thus to complete the cosmic cycle of manifestation through which we attain a fully conscious realization of ourselves as an integral part of the One, no longer polarized between consciousness and matter, or divided into self and other. This realization is enlightenment.
See also, Full Moon Over Ojai.
by Ron Crouse
Ocean tides are periodic rises and falls in the level of the sea, and are formed by the gravitational attraction of the Moon and Sun on the water in the ocean. Although the Moon is much smaller than the Sun, it has a greater gravitational attraction for the Earth because the Moon is much closer to Earth. This causes the oceans to bulge out in the direction of the Moon.
Equilibrium Theory of Tides
Two theories help explain tides The equilibrium theory of tides uses the universal laws of physics, as applied to a water-covered Earth. The dynamic theory of tides studies tides as they occur in the real world, modified by landmasses, geometry of the ocean basins , and Earth's rotation.
The equilibrium tidal theory begins with a hypothetical, water-covered planet and its satellite moon orbiting the Sun. The Moon is held in orbit with Earth by Earth's gravitational force. There is also a centrifugal force pulling the Moon away from Earth and trying to send it spinning out into space.
Earth and the Moon rotate around the common center of mass of the Earth-Moon system; this system is held in orbit by the Sun's gravitational attraction while centrifugal force pulls the center of the mass away from the Sun. Both forces, gravitational and centrifugal, must reach and maintain equilibrium to hold the Earth-Moon system in orbit.
Most ocean shorelines experience a high tide and a low tide every day. Certain locations have two high and two low tides per day. Still other locations have mixed or unequal tide cycles.
In the Earth-Moon-Sun system, the mass of the Sun is greatest, but its extreme distance renders its gravitational pull nominal. The tidegenerating force of the Moon and Sun vary as the inverse cube of their distances from Earth. The mass of the Moon is very small by comparison, but it is considerably closer, and therefore has a greater attractive effect on water particles than does the Sun.
Water responds to the Moon's gravitational force by flowing toward it, making a bulge on the surface of the ocean. On the side of Earth facing the Moon, gravitational force is applied to water particles toward the Moon. This force produces a lunar bulge in the layer of ocean water. At the same time, the centrifugal force of the Earth-Moon system acting on the water particles at Earth's surface opposite the Moon creates a second bulge.
Two lunar bulges on opposite sides of Earth are created on a planet covered by a uniformly deep ocean. The bulges represent the crests of the two tidal waves (high tide), directly opposite each other, and the low water areas are the two troughs (low tide). The equilibrium tidal theory predicts tides that are semidiurnal, which means two high and two low tides each day.
Earth and the Moon are moving in the same direction along their orbit with the Sun. Earth rotates once during a 24-hour period but Earth must turn an extra 12 degrees, or 50 minutes, for the Moon to be directly over the same place as the day before because of the Moon's rotation. Therefore a tidal day is not 24 hours long but rather 24 hours and 50 minutes, and the tidal period between high tides is 12 hours and 25 minutes. This explains why tides arrive at the same location about an hour later each day. The wavelength of the two tidal waves is one-half the circumference of Earth.
The Moon plays the greatest role in tide-building, but the Sun also produces its own tidal bulge. Though of much greater mass, the Sun's distance reduces its tide-raising force to only 46 percent that of the Moon, and the tide period is 24 hours, not 24 hours and 50 minutes. The lunar
Tidal maxima are greatest during spring tides (part [a]), which arise during each phase of a new moon or a full moon when Earth, Sun, and Moon are aligned. Conversely, twice each month when the Sun and Moon are at right angles to the Earth and hence are opposing one another, the tidal ranges are slighter and are called neap tides (part [b]).
On land, the tides appear to flood in during a high tide, earning the name flood tide, and then flow back out to sea as an ebb tide. Earth's rotation is responsible for carrying the landmasses into and out of the tidal bulges. It is as if Earth were constantly rotating inside a fluid envelope of ocean whose tidal bulges are supported by both the Moon and Sun.
Spring and Neap Tides
During the 29.5 days it takes for the Moon to orbit Earth, the Sun, Earth, and Moon move in and out of alignment with each other. During the period of the new Moon, the Sun and Moon are lined up on the same side of Earth so that the high tides that are produced independently of each other coincide. The tide level is the result of adding the two waveforms together, producing tides of maximum range between high and low water. These are called spring tides (see part [a] above).
One week later, the Moon is in its first quarter and moves about 12 degrees per day, until it is at a 90-degree angle to the solar bulge (see part [b]). The crests of the lunar bulge will now coincide with the troughs, produced by the Sun, and the same is true of the Sun's crests and Moon's troughs. These tides are called neap tides. Tidal effects of the Moon and Sun tend to cancel each other out, and the range between high and low tide is small.
At the end of another week, the Moon phase is full and the Sun, Earth, and Moon are again in alignment; however, they are on opposite sides of Earth. This again produces spring tides with crests that coincide, but generally slightly less than during the new Moon phase. These are followed again by neap tides, 1 week later, and the 4-week cycle continues with spring tides and neap tides every other week.
Tides are an extreme example of shallow-water waves. The extremely long wavelength of the tidal wave is 20,000 kilometers (12,400 miles) compared to an average ocean depth of 4 kilometer. A shallow wave is one traveling in water depths less than 1/20 of its wavelength; because 4/20,000 is considerable smaller than 1/20, tides are shallow waves. The tidal wave is a progressive wave as it moves through the ocean; however, it is far different than wind-driven, progressive waves. Tidal bulges move as forced waves, with their velocity determined by ocean depth.
Dynamic Theory of Tides
Fortunately for land-dwelling creatures, Earth is not the watery world depicted in the equilibrium tidal theory. To study ocean tides, which are modified by landmasses, the geometry of ocean basins and Earth's rotation and declination, scientists developed the dynamic theory of tides.
Tides behave differently in various parts of the world. Some coastal areas experience a regular pattern of one high tide and one low tide each day, known as a diurnal tide. This pattern is common in shallow inland seas, such the Gulf of Mexico and along the coast of Southeast Asia, and exhibits a tidal period of 24 hours, 50 minutes.
In many areas, including the Atlantic Coast of the United States, there is a high tide to low tide sequence repeated twice a day, termed a semidiurnal tide. These tides usually reach about the same level at high and low tides each day, and have a tidal period of 12 hours, 25 minutes.
The third pattern of tide has two high and two low tides per day, but the tides reach different high and low levels during each daily rhythm. Called a semidiurnal mixed tide, it results from combining a semidiurnal and diurnal tide. Mixed tides commonly have a tidal period of 12 hours, 25 minutes, but may also exhibit diurnal periods. This is the most common tide pattern throughout the world, and is found along the Pacific Coast of the United States.
If Earth and the Moon are aligned so that the Moon is north or south of Earth's equator, one tidal bulge will be in the Northern Hemisphere and one in the Southern Hemisphere. A point in the middle latitudes passes through only one crest and one trough during each tidal day. This type of diurnal tide is called a declination tide, because the Moon is said to have declination when it stands above or below the equator and not perpendicular to it.
The Sun also influences declination tides when it is aligned over 23.5 degrees north or south latitude at the summer and winter solstice. The variation causes the bulge created by the Sun to oscillate north to south, making a more diurnal Sun tide during the winter and summer months. The Moon's declination is at 28.5 degrees north to south latitude, and because
The Bay of Fundy (between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canada) experiences the highest tidal range in the world. At low tide, coastal waters are temporarily reduced to mud flats.
the orbit is inclined 5 degrees to the Earth and Sun orbit, it takes 18.6 years for the Moon to complete its cycle of maximum declination.
Also, the Moon does not move around Earth in a perfectly circular orbit and Earth does not circle the Sun at a constant distance. In the Northern Hemisphere, Earth is closer to the Sun in the winter months, so the solar tides play a greater role as a tide producer in the winter than summer.
Another influence on waves, tides, and ocean currents is the Coriolis effect. Earth is constantly rotating towards the east and the speed of Earth's rotation varies greatly at different latitudes. It travels fastest on the equator and slows in speed at the farther latitudes. Because of this, the Coriolis effect forces moving objects on Earth to follow curved paths. In the Northern Hemisphere, an object will follow a path to the right of its intended course, and in the Southern Hemisphere, an object will follow a path to the left of its intended course.
The Coriolis effect acts on all objects moving freely over the surface of Earth, and has a dramatic effect on atmospheric circulation and ocean currents and tides. Most ocean basins in the Northern Hemisphere will exhibit a circular current flow, known as a gyre, that rotates in a clockwise direction. The opposite is true in the Southern Hemisphere where ocean gyres predominately rotate counterclockwise.
Landforms and Tides
There are over 150 factors that can affect tide behavior along any given coast or ocean basin. The greatest influences on the tides are the Coriolis effect, landforms, and ocean depth.
An idealized tidal wave would move across Earth at 1,600 kilometers per hour (1,000 miles per hour) at the equator. Because tides are an extreme example of a shallow-water wave, friction with the ocean floor slows tides to a speed of about 700 kilometers per hour (435 miles per hour). Continents further restrict tide movement. The tidal waves cannot keep up
A tidal bore is an uncommon phenomenon created when the force of tidewater pushes water upstream in a shallow estuary having specific dimensions and a large tidal range. The standing wave that is created generally ranges from a half meter to 3 meters in height, and tends to be largest at spring tide. The small half-meter bore shown here is moving the Petitcodiac River from the Bay of Fundy, between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canada.
with the rotation speed of Earth and they break up into a number of smaller tidal cells.
There are about twelve cells worldwide with five in the Pacific Ocean. In the middle of each cell is a node located near the center of an ocean basin, termed an amphidromic point, a no-tide point in the ocean around which the tidal crests and troughs rotate through each tidal cycle. Owing to the shape and location of landmasses surrounding the ocean basins, the tidal crests and troughs cancel each at these points.
The tidal wave crests sweep around each amphidromic point, like spokes on a bicycle wheel. Because a large volume of water moves with the tidal wave, it is easily influenced by the Coriolis effect. The tidal waves move counterclockwise around the amphidromic points in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise around amphidromic points in the Southern Hemisphere. The farther from the amphidromic point, the higher the tide level becomes. The farthest point away from the central node is the antinode, where maximum vertical movement between crest and trough is found.
Tides in Bays and Estuaries
As the tides rise along the coastline, they enter the bays, harbors, and estuaries and travel inland as far as elevation will allow. This point is termed the head of tidewater. The time of high tide becomes progressively delayed the farther inland it must travel. As tides enter coastal waters, they are affected by reflection just as waves are. In certain circumstances, constructive interference can result in tides with extreme highs and lows.
A classic example of constructive interference is the Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia, Canada. The bay opens into the Atlantic Ocean and extends inland in two narrow arms for 258 kilometers (160 miles), curving to the north. Due to its length, the time it requires for the tide to reach the head of tidewater is nearly equal to that of the tidal period. This forces a buildup of tidal water in the northern end of the bay.
Coupled with the extra energy of the Coriolis effect (the bay bends to the right), during maximum spring tides, the Bay of Fundy receives the highest tidal range in the world at 17 meters (56 feet). This type of constructive interference can also occur as tides flow into an estuary against an outflowing current. Standing waves, termed tidal bores, will form and progress upstream at heights of several feet.
Because of the effects of friction, as the tidal wave approaches shallow water, a reversing current forms where the water flows with force, in and out of restrictive passages. Reversing current is of concern to navigators due to their high velocities, reaching 44 kilometers (28 miles) per hour between the coastal islands of British Columbia.
Tide Prediction and Tide Tables
In the uniform tidal system (semi and diurnal), the greatest height to which the tide rises on any day is known as high water and the lowest point is low water. In a mixed system, it refers to higher high and lower high water and higher low and lower low waters. Tidal observations made over a period of time are used to calculate the average or mean tide levels.
Because the depth of coastal waters is important for navigation, an average low-water reference is established. Water depths are measured from this level and recorded on navigational charts. The low water reference point is usually established at the mean low-water level, and a zero reference or tidal datum is established at this point. In mixed tidal areas, mean low water is used as the tidal datum. Sometimes, the low-tide level may fall below the mean value used as the tidal datum, producing a minus tide.
Tidal predictions are based on recorded high measurement from past records, and then are used to predict the future. But because of all the complex combination of possibilities, it is difficult to predict Earth's tides from knowledge of physical processes and the historical record. Yet with a combination of actual local measurements with known astronomical data, scientists can derive very accurate tide predictions.
Tide gage recording stations are installed at numerous coastal sites, which track the rise and fall of ocean waters. * A minimum of 19 years of records is needed to allow for the long 18.6-year period of declination of the Moon. Tide tables are published annually by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and give the dates, times, phases of the Moon, and ocean and water levels for high and low tide at numerous locations along the coast and inland on some bays and estuaries to the head of tidewater.
Summerhayes, C. P., and S. A. Thorpe. Oceanography, An Illustrated Guide. New York:John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
Thurman, Harold V., and Alan P. Trujillo. Essentials of Oceanography. Upper SaddleRiver, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1999.
Tides Online. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Testicular pain is a fairly common condition treated by urologists. Frequent causes include infection of the testicle (orchitis) or epididymis (epididymitis), post surgical pain, trauma, tumors, hernia, torsion (twisting of the testicle), varicocele, hydrocele or spermatocele.
In sexually active men, the most common cause of an infection of the epididymis is a sexually transmitted disease such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. Older and younger men may also get epididymitis, often because of an abnormality in the genitourinary system such as enlargement of the prostate.
Most of these conditions are easily diagnosed and treated. Occasionally the pain, even when treated appropriately becomes chronic. Many patients with chronic testicular pain, after ruling out the above, seem to find no cause to their pain. This is the pain I will be addressing.
Self exams of the testicles are also an effective way of getting to know this area of your body and detecting testicular cancer at an early and very curable stage. While it can strike at any age, testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer for men aged 15 to 34. Checking yourself out every month is important as any significant change in the size, shape, or weight of your testicles could be a sign that you should see a physician. If you find a lump on your testicle, see a doctor, preferably a urologist, right away. The abnormality may not be cancer, it may just be an infection. Waiting and hoping will not fix anything.
Please note that free floating lumps in the scrotum that are not attached in any way to a testicle are not testicular cancer.
All men should check their testicles for abnormalities about once a month, and older men should continue to occasionally do so. The shower or bathtub is a good place for this because warm water relaxes both the scrotum and the man. Men become very anxious when they feel pain in their testicles. Self examination should become a ritual as brushing your teeth.
To test, roll each testicle between the thumb and first two fingers of each hand and look for a lump, or nodule, that feels firm but is painless when pressed. A visual exam in front of a mirror is another way to look for abnormalities, and allows you to more easily locate all of the various components that should be checked.
Some men mistakenly discount the possibility that a problem exists because their testicles don't hurt. Tenderness, too, can indicate a problem, and so can swelling of a testicle. Neither of these symptoms should cause initial alarm, however, because there are many possibilities.
Exercises for Testicular Pain
Musculoskeletal problems are one of the biggest conditions overlooked by many physicians. Once the above situations have been ruled out and you still have pain, it is time to try these exercises. They should be done at least 3 times a day for two weeks:
Lying on your side knees bent and lined up on top of each other about level with your hips. Arms are straight out in front of you finger tips touching. You may want to place a small pillow under your head so that the neck is aligned with your spine.
Move the top hand and top leg slightly forward as you misalign the knees and hands about an inch, then pull them back to starting position. Now, do the same move with the top arm and leg but pull them back slightly about an inch, then realign the knees and fingertips. Keep these stretches constantly moving, never
static. The stretch is very subtle but very effective in stretching the inner thigh muscles. Repeat 12-15 times. Repeat on the other side. Remember to always keep the hands and knees touching.
Repeat the above exercise in position and manner but as a variation, this time push the knee forward but draw the fingers back along the arm so that you are getting an oppositional twist between the upper and lower torso. The stretch is very subtle but very effective in stretching the inner thigh muscles. Repeat
12-15 times. Repeat on the other side. Remember to always keep the hands and knees touching.
Lying on the floor, you may want to lie close to the wall with your buttocks right up next to the wall. Straighten your legs up along the wall with ankles together. Now slowly open your legs as wide as they can to get a very effective stretch then bring them right back together. Keep the motion of the legs moving.
Keep these stretches constantly moving, never static. Repeat 12-15 times. Do not use the wall to rest your legs. Keep the legs slightly away from touching the wall.
Using a bed or chair for support and a blanket for your knee, kneel down on both knees. with your left foot (the bed or chair is on your right for support), step the left foot out into a lunge so that you are getting a good stretch from the left foot to the opposite right knee that is on the floor. Now push your hips toward the left leg, place both hands on the left knee as you push the hips forward. You should get an incredible stretch in the right side of the groin. As you push your hips forward as far as you can get a great stretch, come back to starting position by lining your hips back up. Keep the left foot where it is and then lunge back again. Keep the motion of the legs moving. Keep these stretches constantly moving, never static. Repeat 12-15 times.Repeat on the other side.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
In men, symptoms of low testosterone may show as signs of hormonal issues such as changes in hair growth or sexual function. The quality, quantity, morphology and motility of a man's sperm is also looked at.
Physical examination and routine laboratory tests for men include:
1. Hormone testing: a blood test is done to determine the level of testosterone and other male hormones.
2. Physical examination: includes the genitals and questions about medical history, illnesses and disabilities, medications and sexual habits.
3. Semen analysis: is the most important test for men. Your doctor will ask for one or more semen samples. The laboratory determines the number of sperm present and any abnormalities in the morphology and motility of the sperm. Sperm counts can fluctuate from one sample to the next.
4. Ultrasound: a transrectal and scrotal ultrasound can help the doctor look for evidence of conditions such as retrograde ejaculation and ejaculatory duct obstruction.
Factors that may decrease sperm:
Excessive alcohol consumption
Street and certain Prescription Drugs
Some over the counter medications
Injury to the testicles
Blockage in the Vas Deferens
Excessive Heat to the testicles
Varicocele:a varicose enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord that may cause infertility through a significant decrease in the quality and quantity of the sperm.
Normal Semen Values
Volume (mL) 2.0
Sperm Concentration (million/mL) 20
Motility (%) 50
Forward Progression (0-4) 3
Normal Morphology (%) (WHO) 30
Normal Morphology (%) (Strict) 14
Total Sperm Count (million) 40
Total Motile Sperm (million) 20
Total Functional Sperm (million) 6
This is a glossary of terms your doctor may talk about or will show you on lab test results:
Aspermia: No semen ejaculated
Hematospermia: Blood present in semen
Leucocytospermia: White blood cells present in semen
Azoospermia: No spermatozoa found in semen
Normozoospermia: Normal semen parameters
Oligozoospermia: Low sperm concentration
Asthenozoospermia: Poor motility and/or forward progression
Teratozoospermia: Reduced percentage of morphologicall normal sperm
Necrozoospermia: No live sperm in semen
Globozoospermia: Round headed acrosome-less sperm
A variety of factors can result in low testosterone, including infertility in men. Approximately 25% of infertility is directly due to the male partner. Low sperm count or anatomical abnormalities are often the two main reasons for male issues.
Several other factors can contribute to this including exposure to excessive heat or fever, radiation, toxins, alcohol consumption or acute injury or testicular injury. Anatomical abnormalities such as an endocrine disorders or varicocele, a diluted vein of the spermatic cord can also cause a problem. Varicocele can be treated successfully with surgery. Environmental exposures, smoking, and use of recreational drugs (e.g., marijuana, cocaine, hashish) may reduce sperm count or cause abnormal sperm morphology.
If there are no anatomical abnormalities then here are ways to improve sperm:
1. Reduce Your Heat: Men with low sperm counts are often advised to optimize the temperature of the testes as sperm production is slightly lower than body temperature. The reason the testes hang away from the body in the scrotum. Remedy this by wearing looser “bikini-style” underwear, do not use your lap top directly on the knees and avoid frequent use of hot tubs and steam .
2. Drink Less Alcohol : Excess alcohol consumption is associated with a decrease in the percentage of normal sperm.
3. Eat More Organic: A study done with members of the Organic Farmers's Association suggesting that organically grown foods may enhance sperm count. Sperm count was more than twice as high in these men as in a control group of workers.
4. Get Acupuncture: Acupuncture was used on 28 men twice a week for 5 weeks and compared to men who received no treatment. Following acupuncture, a statistically significant increase in the percentage and number of sperm in the total ejaculate was observed (in comparison with controls), with improvements in the shape. Also progressive motility in ejaculate increased from 44.5% to 55% following acupuncture treatment.
5. Take Your Supplements:
This is one of my favorite perscriptions I give my male patients. These three supplements are only natural. One is plant based, the other is a natural steroid hormone produced by the adrenal glands and the third is an omega fatty acid. They must be taken together, twice a day for 30 days. The results will be so great that you will want to continue this protocol, but I would only recommend doing this only 6 months apart (twice a year).
1. DIM (diindolylmethane) is a plant compound called an indole and has been shown to help regulate and promote a more efficient metabolism of estrogen, and an optimal ratio of estrogen metabolites. DIM balances estrogen levels, promoting health and well-being. This powerful phytonutrient is found in broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and brussels sprouts, unlike other phytonutrients like soy isoflavones, has no hormonal properties in itself.
2. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a natural steroid hormone, one of the hormones produced by the adrenal glands. After being secreted by the adrenal glands, it circulates in the bloodstream as DHEA-sulfate (DHEAS) and is converted as needed into other hormones. DHEA is chemically similar to testosterone and estrogen and is easily converted into those hormones. DHEA production peaks in early adulthood and declines in production with age in both men and women. Therefore, many diseases which correlate with age also correlate with low levels of DHEA production.
Standard dosage is 100 mg twice a day.
3. Fish Oil: Take 2,000 mg of rich, omega 3 fish oil, in doses of 1,000 mg, twice a day.
To increase testosterone levels, consider taking DHEA 100 mg in divided dosage (50 mg, twice a day) with DIM-plus 60 capsule size (one capsule, twice a day for a total of 100 mg) for a total of two capsules per day along with a "good fat" such as flaxseed or fish oil 1,000 mg, twice a day (2,000 mg total per day).
Another favorite combination of supplements I recommend for long term use are my Male Performance formula. Take this all natural herbal combination, two pills, twice a day. Along with this, take 2,000 mg of L-Arginine (one of the best male amino acids) in divided doses (1,000 mg), twice a day. (Take up to 3 months at a time. Take a break for a month and then go back on the 3 month regime.)
Vitamin C research suggests it may prevent sperm from "clumping" together and that it increases sperm count. Superoxide dismutase and glutathione - research shows that these and other antioxidants may improve sperm quality. Dose: 1,000 mg twice a day.
Vitamin E supplementation with this antioxidant has been shown to increase sperm motility and to enhance the ability of the sperm to penetrate the egg in test-tube studies. Dose: 400 IU daily. Talk to your doctor prior to starting Vitamin E, particularly if you are currently taking aspirin or other blood thinners.
Selenium: Dose: 200 mcg daily. Improves sperm motility.
Coenzyme Q10: Take 10 mg daily. Increases sperm count and motility.
Zinc is an essential nutrient for proper sperm production. A deficiency may result in lowered testosterone levels.. The usual recommended dosage of zinc is about 15 to 30 mg daily, coupled with 1 mg of copper for balance. Too much zinc can be toxic. Do not exceed a dose of 15 to 30 mg daily This mineral is found in great amounts in the outer layer of sperm and plays an important role in the production of the hormone testosterone.
Vitamin B12: Take 1000 mcg daily. A B-12 deficiency reduces sperm motility and sperm count. Even if no deficiency exists, B-12 supplementation may help men with a sperm count of less than 20 million per milliliter or a motility rate of less than 50%
Zinc and B Vitamins (B6, B12, and folic acid) are critical nutrients in the male reproductive system for proper hormone metabolism, sperm formation and motility.
L-Arginine (Kidney Yang tonic) especially enhance sperm count. Studies indicate that this amino acid may improve sperm motility. Take 4 gr daily. Needed to produce sperm. If the sperm count is below 10 million per ml, arginine probably will not provide any benefit.
L-Carnitine (Yin and Blood tonic) especially enhance sperm count. Researchers have found that L-carnitine is found in much greater amounts in sperm tissues than other cells. Preliminary studies suggest that L-carnitine and acetyl-L-carnitine may be able to stimulate sperm motility in certain situations. The role of L-carnitine on sperm maturation and sperm quality however, is still unclear. Several clinical studies have evaluated the effect of L-carnitine on men with a low sperm count, a reduction/loss in sperm movement, or men with both conditions. These studies have evaluated only small numbers of men who took oral carnitine supplements for varying lengths of time. Some patients enrolled in these studies experienced increased sperm counts and/or increased sperm motility. Take 3-4 grams daily. Required for normal sperm function.
Flaxseed oil: Take 1 tbsp daily. Is a source of essential fatty acids.
Fish Oil: Take 2,000 mg of rich, omega 3 fish oil, in doses of 1,000 mg, twice a day.
Ginseng: increases production of testosterone and helps with sperm production. Avoid if you have high blood pressure or Yin deficiency (with heat signs).
The Problem with Low Motility and Morphology
Guaifenesin (natural source is Beechwood) can improve motility by thinning out the semen allowing for sperm to swim up stream easier. Vitamin C and Zinc can also help.
If your morphology is less than 30%, consider Pycnogenol is the patented trade name for a water extract of the bark of the French maritime pine ( Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica ), which is grown in coastal south-west France. Pycnogenol contains oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs) as well as several other bioflavonoids. Preliminary human data suggests that supplementation of Pycnogenol may lower glucose levels and improve endothelial function.
The importance of a healthy diet cannot be overstated. Our amazing machine, the reproductive system requires the proper vitamins and minerals. Nutritional deficiencies can impair hormone function, inhibit sperm production, and contribute to the production of abnormal sperm.
If you can not muster up the ability to get on a routine and eat a diet rich in green vegetables and colorful fruits, then at the very least, take a good multi-vitamin daily!
Include consumption of legumes and soy (which are a high in phytoestrogens and phytosterols).
Eat a natural foods diet that focuses on fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish, poultry, legumes, nuts, and seeds. No celery or cucumbers.
Drink 1/2 of body weight in ounces of water daily (e.g., a 150 lb man would drink 75 oz of water).
Pumpkin seeds are naturally high in zinc and essential fatty acids, as well as olive oil, which are vital to healthy functioning of the male reproductive system.
Eat 1/4 to 1/2 cup a day of pumpkin seeds to help maintain a healthy reproductive system.
Avoid excessive environmental estrogen and dietary sources of free radicals including saturated fats, hydrogenated oils and trans fatty acids.
Anti-hypertensives, anti-neoplastics and anti-inflammatory drugs, can impair sperm production.
Eliminate processed and refined foods (e.g., white flour), junk food, sugars, alcohol, and caffeine.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Today, researchers generally agree that temporomandibular joint syndrome falls
into three main categories:
1. Myofascial pain, the most common form of TMJ syndrome, which is discomfort
or pain in the muscles that control jaw function and the neck and shoulder
2. Internal derangement of the joint, meaning a dislocated jaw or displaced
disc, or injury to the condyle;
3. Degenerative joint disease, such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in
the jaw joint.
A person may have one or more of these conditions at the same time. Severe injury to the jaw or temporomandibular joint can cause TMJ syndrome. A heavy blow, for example, can fracture the bones of the joint or damage the disc, disrupting the smooth motion of the jaw and causing pain or locking. Arthritis in the jaw joint may also result from injury.
Head Forward Syndrome or Forward Head Posture has been an issue recognized more so lately, due to the fact that so many people work on computers. The pitching of the head forward has actually become a syndrome. This weakens the entire foundation from the lumbar spine upward. If you can imagine toy blocks all aligned on top of each other. Now imagine pushing the top block forward. The other blocks underneath it begin to "stress" as they try to hang on to the top block. The same thing is happening to our spinal column as we pitch our head too far forward, instead of keep the head back and aligned over the rest of the spine.
Other causes of TMJ syndrome are less clear. Some suggest, for example, that a bad bite (malocclusion) can trigger TMJ syndrome, but recent research disputes that view. Orthodontic treatment, such as braces and the use of headgear, has also been blamed for some forms of TMJ syndrome, but studies now show that this is unlikely.And there is no scientific proof that gum chewing causes clicking
sounds in the jaw joint, or that jaw clicking leads to serious TMJ problems. In fact, jaw clicking is fairly common in the general population. If there are no other symptoms, such as pain or locking, jaw clicking usually does not need treatment.
Researchers believe that most people with clicking or popping in the jaw joint likely have a displaced disc -- the soft, shock-absorbing disc is not in a normal position. As long as the displaced disc causes no pain or problems with jaw movement, no treatment is needed.Some experts suggest that stress, either mental or physical, may cause or aggravate TMJ syndrome.
People with TMJ syndrome often clench or grind their teeth at night, which can tire the jaw muscles and lead to pain. It is not clear, however, whether stress is the cause of the clenching/grinding and subsequent jaw pain, or the result of dealing with chronic jaw pain or dysfunction. Scientists are exploring how behavioral, psychological and physical factors may combine to cause TMJ syndrome.
Exercises for TMJ Syndrome
Milking The Cow
The exercise so often referred to by chiropractors and craniosacral therapists
is Milking the cow.
Close your eyes.
Let the jaw relax and slightly open.
With index and middle fingers of both hands place them on both sides of the
sides of the ears at the cheek bone (zygomatic bone)
press down and pull the fingers down toward the corner of the jaw (angle of
Repeat this stroking motion SLOWLY, 20-30 times.
This relaxes the jaw and can often "adjust" the positioning of the condylar
process of the mandible. Relieving tension in the jaw and face.
This exercise works using isometrics. Place your fist under your chin. Slowly open your mouth wide as you resist the downward motion of opening your mouth with your fist.
Now reverse this motion, pushing upward with your fist, allow your jaw to do the resisting as you close your mouth with your first.
Do this 10-15 times s-l-o-w-l-y, 2-3 times per day.
Take a large towel and fold it the long way. Roll the towel up. Now lay on the floor and place the towel under the curve of your neck. The back of your head should be able to rest on the floor. Now relax for 15 minutes. This allows the curve of the neck relax into proper alignment. This exercise can be done as a great stress reliever as well. Muscles have memory and this exercise allows the muscles in the neck to "remember" their shape in relation to the cervical spine.
Acupuncture: As an acupuncturist, I see this syndrome in my office at least twice a week. Acupuncture has a great track record for helping TMJ syndrome. Acupuncture helps by relieving persistent jaw and neck pain as well as relieving the headaches associated with TMJ syndrome.
Chiropractor: Chiropractors can help to realign the skeletal structure of the neck and jaw. Spinal problems and TMJ are often found together and an adjustment can bring great relief.
Craniosacral Therapist: The work of a craniosacral therapist aims at releasing temporal bones to restore normal function, regardless of the primary cause. This gentle, non-invasive procedure is very beneficial.
Trigger Point Therapy: is a unique treatment protocol for the treatment of myofascial pain. Trigger Points produce pain locally and in a referred pattern and often accompany chronic musculoskeletal disorders. The purpose of trigger point therapy is to eliminate pain and to re-educate the muscles into pain-free habits.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
One of the strongest areas in Chinese Medicine is that of trauma remedies. Cuts, bruises, lacerations, sprained joints and pain are just some of the daily problems, which can pop up unexpectedly.
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is the oldest, continually practiced, and professionally administered health care system in the world. It is a documented medical system spanning over 2,500 years
based on comprehensive philosophies, rational theories, clinically tested and empirically verified by over 100 generations of highly educated practitioners. Chinese Medicine is a total system of internal medicine which is comprised of a diagnostic procedure based on signs, symptoms and treatment styles including acupuncture, herbal medicine, exercise, diet and meditation. It's foundation is based on the principles of balance; the interdependent relationship of Yin and Yang. Through this balance, health is achieved and maintained.
Herbs are the "medicinals" in holistic healing. Chinese herbs are specifically used to create a decoction or "tea" and is a very powerful part of healing dis-ease. Herbal decoctions may also be given in "tea pills", tinctures, granules or as an external patch, compress, or bath.
Chinese Medicine: Trauma Remedies
"Die Da Jiu Liniment", which literally translates to "hit fall wine" is the NUMBER ONE remedy for bruises, contusions, sprains and fractures. This formula was developed centuries ago in kung fu schools to treat bruises and injuries due to injuries that would
occur during daily practice. Soak a cotton ball and press this herbal formula into the skin where ever trauma to an area has occurred. Bruises, contusions, sprains, shin splints, repetitive motion
injuries and fractures, (which needs a proper doctor's care after a break), can be treated with amazing results. This herbal formula, which has been decocted in alcohol, has been prepared with safe and effective herbs to move stagnation of energy and blood that occur after injury.
This combination of warming herbs is best used for chronic conditions or old injuries such as tendonitis, which includes tennis elbow, golfer's elbow, shin splints, old sprains or reoccurring problems
made worse by cold and dampness. When heat makes your injury feel better, this is the formula for you. Massage this lotion into affected areas twice a day. This unique blend of Chinese herbs works deep down into the tendons to stimulate circulation!
One of two patented formulas, Liangcai Xin Die da Wan (Tieh Ta Wan) is the internal counterpart to Trauma Liniment. Taken in tandem with the lotion, these pills strongly breaks up blockage of blood and fluid due to trauma. It moves accumulation, which sits in the area of
the injury, preventing blood from congealing in the tissue.
Treating open wounds correctly is the best way to prevent scars from occurring. This patent formula alone helps the flesh regenerate and prevents blood stasis and infections, which could lead to scarring.
Valuable first-aid remedy for internal and external bleeding, traumatic swelling, insect bites, nosebleeds, open and infected wounds, ingrown toenails, spider bites, post-surgical healing, prevents scarring, stops bleeding, disperses stagnant blood, disinfects and stops some pain. Commonly used for excessive menstrual bleeding, severe menstrual cramps, ulcer bleeding, carbuncles. Take capsules both internally and externally by opening a capsule and sprinkling the powder directly into the wound.
Herbal Ice "San Huang San" is composed of three cooling Chinese herbs that reduce inflammation while dispersing congealed blood and fluids. This is the single most useful herbal poultice for your first aid
trauma kit! This is most helpful for immediate sprains, strains, turned ankles, muscle pulls, twisted wrists or severe contusions.
Where ever you would use ice, this should be substituted right away.
When an injury occurs, blood will stagnate in the muscle tissue and often does not reabsorb back into the system. The blood can congeal and harden, adhering the muscle fibers together and blocking normal circulation in normal areas, creating pain and stiffness. Applying
ice, can exacerbate this injury in the long term.
"San Huang San" Herbal Ice is in a Vaseline base and should be gently massaged into the injury morning and night. Wrap lightly with gauze and cover with an ace bandage (not too tight). Clean the area before
This wonderful massage oil (pronounced "ooh-eee") is used for stiff, sore, overexerted muscles and joints that are worse with the cold and dampness. This oil is also great to massage into cold muscles before exercise to help them warm up and to prepare them for stretching and
activity. This patent Chinese formula comes in a 1 fluid oz. bottle in a protective can.
UI Oil contains the light, warming aromatic oils of cinnamon, peppermint, lilac oil, and the tree resin "xue jie" also known as "dragon's blood" (a resin known for its ability to dispel congealing blood and relieve pain). The main ingredient is the warming herb "ai ye" or mugwort (folium artimisae). Mugwort's properties penetrate obstruction, activate local circulation and
drive out cold.
Black Ghost Oil
This oil, also known as Hak Kwai Pain Relieving Oil is the most deep penetrating massage oil used for deep bone bruising that occurs in areas where there is thick muscles overlaying bones. This area is bruised and painful but shows no visible swelling or discoloration on the surface. This is the MOST effective oil for this type of injury because it contains very aromatic herbs and oils, which penetrate this kind of obstruction.
Plasters are an easy, quick and fast acting medicinal application for pain and overworked muscles. Back strain, joint pain and even bone spurs can be treated with plasters.
Salon Pas Patches
External Pain Relieving Patches these easy to use, no mess, no fuss peel off patches are fantastic for the temporary relief of minor aches and pains of muscles and joints! These patches contain a rich
blend of menthol and camphor for stimulating blood flow and local circulation and help relieve pain. 40 patches per box. Great for muscle pain and soreness due to back strain, joint pain that is worse with cold and arthritis pain, which is better with warmth.
Indicated for temporarily relieves minor aches and pains of muscles and joints due to simple backache, arthritis, strains, bruises and sprains. There is a combination of herbs in this plaster, which help to heal damaged muscles, tendons and ligaments. 701 plaster is used with remarkable results to help heal bone spurs, in areas not covered by thick muscles, including heal spurs and bone spurs in the shoulder area.
Hua Tao Plaster
This particular plaster is suitable for injuries which occurred 3-4 weeks ago and have stiffness and pain associated with it. This warming plaster helps impaired circulation and heals injuries that are cold to the touch, are sensitive to cold or for chronic injuries that are painful and achy in cold, damp weather.
Gou Pi Plaster
The strongest plaster available, these herbs are mixed with Pine Resin, which helps the other herbs penetrate more deeply through the muscle layers and tissue, right to the bone. This plaster must be heated befor applying. This is used to expel wind, dispel cold and dampness, quicken the blood and stop pain. It is used for conditions such as aching of the legs and back, spasmodic tendons, falls, sprains, trauma, sprain of the lumbar region, cold pains of the abdomen, dysmenorrhea, conglomeration and masses.
For more information on these products or to learn more about Chinese medicine, please go to: Chinese Medicine.
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
In the clinical setting, the energies of transference and counter transference are always present. Trying to balance these energies that abound in a clinical interview are both challenging to recognize, as they are to cope with. The process of being aware, as well as conscious, plays a major role in the recognition of transference and counter transference. This research takes a look at the observations and understandings of transference, counter transference, as well as boundaries in the clinical setting. Observations from two distinct therapeutic
practices are utilized. Dynamic emotions of shame, humiliation, power, anger and passive aggressive behaviors are sited. This research will take a look at the redirection of feelings and desires, especially of those
unconsciously retained from childhood toward a therapist, as well as, the complexity of feelings of a therapist toward the patient as we discuss Transference: An Energetic Volley in Clinical Settings.
Transference, counter transference, boundaries, shame, humiliation, anger, judgment, trust, observations, energy, balance, awareness, consciousness, emotions, passive aggressive, feelings, behavior, projection, power.
Transference is the feelings from your past interactions with others that you transfer into a relationship.1. Transference is the
redirection of feelings and desires, especially of those
unconsciously retained from childhood toward a therapist. These feelings and desires are convictions of patterns from the patient's past interpersonal relationships, formed in their early lives, repeated in their later lives, and can be understood through the repetition they give to them.
Counter transference is the therapist's transference of feelings in therapy and/or toward the client. 2. Therapists and other health care professionals will also have counter reactions to their patient's transference. The concept of counter transference, is an expression of patterns from the therapist's past interpersonal relationships, which are formed in their early lives, repeated in their later lives, and can be understood as an energetic "volley" utilized in response to a patient's situation.
In any clinical setting where there is an interview, there is an exchange of energies. Through these energies, we can observe the ability to relate to one another via intuitions, creative hunches, the give and take of power, nonverbal and emotional insights and nonverbal forms of communication that form a valuable source of knowledge about the patient's personality, and his or her
As a massage therapist, I utilize the unyielding power of touch to redirect, align and help to bring into balance, the structural, muscular, as well as, the subtle energies of the body. There are many different approaches to massage and applications of it. Massage Therapy is a holistic procedure that affects all systems
of the body; digestive, elimination, respiratory, circulatory, lymphatic, endocrine and nervous systems. It is accomplished through specific manipulations with the hands on the soft tissue of the body for therapeutic effect. Sexual energy is a part of any touch
therapy in many subtle ways. We are all sexual beings and the transference of this energy from the patient can often be felt. It is a situation I deal with on a daily basis and I have learned how to channel it from the patient out through different avenues during the massage.
I recently had a new client who visited me for a massage. She was a female about 40 years old, in good shape with a pleasant disposition. This was the first time I was seeing her. We went through the usual introduction. I explained the massage process and then asked if
there was anything in particular she wanted me to pay attention to. She told me she was having leg cramps and if I could work extra time on her legs. I agreed and left the room, allowing her the privacy to undress and lie on the table. When I returned, she had disrobed and gently laid face down on the table. She chose not to cover herself with the sheet that I provided so I began to cover her myself with the sheet?and there it was, an expletive (*&?#) regarding her desire for intercourse, scrolled in lipstick at a rakish angle across her thigh.
It was a good thing her face was down in the face cradle of the massage table, for she could not see the expression of sheer shock, fear, anger and then disgust that must have moved across my face in a flushed wave and then made my whole body shake with uncertainty.
This very passive, yet aggressive act pushed all my buttons! The professional boundaries, of which I knew, had been shattered. I did not react, in fear that I would give all my power away in that moment. I went about the massage. She said nothing, I said nothing. I felt it was a match of wits! Meanwhile, my emotions were running
from sheer shock?"I can't believe this is appening", "What was she thinking?" "This is such an awkward situation". To fear?"What is she going to do?" "What if she says something?" "I'm afraid I don't know how to handle this". To anger?"She has a lot of nerve to do this to me!" "I'm going to put her through the same mental lashing
she is putting me through!", "I should just tell her to get off my table!" To disgust?"Just what does she think she is going to get from me?" "How desperate can she be?" "Does she think this is funny, because it is making me sick". I found my inner strength and continued to say nothing.
I finally got to her thighs and with the massage oil proceeded to massage the words right into her thighs with intense strokes. I could feel the anger as I pressed deep into her flesh, trying to make it hurt! Then I could "feel" what she was thinking?"Well, did he see
it? Is he going to act upon it? Did I not write it clear enough, big enough?" I finished her calves and asked her to turn over slowly as I covered her with the sheet again. She had a face of stone with no expression as I finished the last 20 minutes of the massage. She dressed and thanked me very pleasantly leaving me twice the amount
for the massage as she left, never mentioning or making reference to her words of desire. I still relive the moments of how I struggled with the breech of boundaries and the power to handle such a situation.
Music Therapy is the prescribed use of music and music related techniques to assist and motivate a person towards specific, nonmusical goals. Music therapists use their training to effect changes in the cognitive, physical, communication, social, and emotional skills.
Music is a magical medium and a very powerful tool. Music can delight all the senses and inspire every fiber of our being. We are often drawn to a particular type of music. Sometimes it is something you can listen to all day or maybe you jump around the dial during the day to find what appeals to you in the moment. This form of, what I
call "subliminal" or "subconscious" balancing (healing) plays a part in our perspective on our emotional equilibrium. Music Therapy is incorporated in a number of areas of medicine. Some of these include labor and delivery, oncology, pain management, physical
rehabilitation, and pediatrics.
As a therapist who uses music all the time for healing, I tend to work with many difficult cases that
often involve the elderly. Dementia patients have often intrigued to me. Dementia is a progressive, degenerative brain disorder that causes intellectual impairment and disorientation. Often patients are overcome by stress due to the frustration in not knowing where they are or the loss of memory, when they need it to serve them. An
elderly gentleman in his 70's of Indian decent, was an ongoing dementia patient who would come to me for help with these particular problems, using music as an adjunct therapy to help him recall certain times, ideas and memories he could not recall. He had been a patient of mine for about a month. There seemed to be no apparent
change in his recalling of memories that meant anything to him. I was beginning to feel a shamed and humiliated at the fact that he seemed to have such trust and faith in my abilities. I felt as if I were letting him down.
According to Dr. Lazare, this "shame may refer to the distress concerning the state of the self that the person regards as no good, not good enough or defective." 3. My humiliation came from the fact that he was just so trusting in my ability to help him! As Dr Lazare
states, "humiliation refers to a temporary state of the self, an alteration, usually caused by someone else, which the person regards as lowering or debasing". 4. He would look at me with the eyes of a child showing me such hope and appreciation even though I felt as if I was making no progress at all. One day I found a piece of music
that was very relative to his life growing up in India. In the Ayurvedic tradition, Gandharva Veda music is the eternal music of Nature. The music is utilized as a tool in bringing peace and harmony to their land and perfect health to all their people. As I played this music for him this day, there was a light shining from his eyes that I had never seen before! A spark of recognition that
placed a large smile on his face! I knew then, this temporary feeling of humiliation I was feeling, began to melt away as I was overcome by his transference of sheer elation! I responded back indecisively wondering if what I was seeing in him was truly a reflection of a memory he was recalling! "I can recall a time from my childhood!" he gasped as I could feel my counter transference of joy wash over him. I could feel the tears begin to stream down my
face. Something I could not contain! I could not have been more grateful that day! "By enhancing the patient's power, I facilitated his own way of finding control and mastery" 5. in dealing with his illness in a small but significant step forward.
Energies in the clinical setting are constantly volleyed between patient (transference) and therapist (counter transferences). The professional boundaries of both parties can often be pushed without even realizing it or as an absolute deliberate action in order to
illicit a response from either party. I have learned an important point in dealing with off center situations. In most cases, it's not the problem itself, but how one reacts to the problem. How one react is determined by how one perceives a particular situation. The constant give and take of power in any situation can be apparent or
it can be as subtle as a gentle breeze. The lasting effects it makes is a continuing act of balance between the practitioner and their patient. Shame and humiliation are the action of lowering our pride or self respect and can either be a transference of energy or self-
inflicted. Taping into our standard ego idea, these actions all play apart in how we give and what we take when we exchange our energies with another.
1. Transference & Countertransference: A Common Sense
Perspective ?Article: Babbette Rothschild, MSW, Energy and Character, Vol 25, No. 2 Sept, 1994
2. Transference & Countertransference: A Common Sense
Perspective ?Article: Babbette Rothschild, MSW, Energy and Character, Vol 25, No. 2 Sept, 1994
3. Shame and Humiliation in the Medical Encounter- Article: Dr. Lazare
4. Shame and Humiliation in the Medical Encounter- Article: Dr. Lazare
5. Power in Treatment, Chapter 7, Therapeutic Relationship in Complementary Care, Annie Mitchell & Maggie Cormack ? Churchill Livingston 1998
by Andrew Pacholyk, MS, L.Ac.
Triphala is a traditional Ayurvedic Indian herbal compound used for constipation and poor bowel tone and is designed to support the body's natural cleansing process. It is one of Ayurveda's most important herbal formulas for thousands of years. Triphala is a balanced blend of three Indian Herbal Fruits: Harada (haritaki), Amla (amalaki) and Behada (bibhitaki). Each balanced to vatta, pitta and kapha respectively.
Haritaki is healing to all tissues of the body. It supports the excretory, digestive and nervous system. It is a nutritive tonic laxative that is calming. It corrects constipation and loose stools. It is astringent and salty and is balancing for the vatta dosha.
Amalaki is cooling, highly nutritious, tonic, astringent and is a mild laxative. It is sour and clears heat and inflammation in the stomach and intestines. It is the highest known source of Vitamin C in nature. It is balancing for the pitta dosha.
Bibhitaki is a strong laxative and is astringent, therefore, it can cleanse the intestines and tonify at the same time. It is hot and sweet and is beneficial for the digestive, respiratory and urinary systems and can treat loose stool, parasites, mucus, bronchitis and kidney stones. It is balancing for the kapha dosha.
Triphala can be used on all body doshas (kapha, vata and pitta) types. Therefore, it is "tridosha" meaning it can help in restoring balance. Triphala is neither a harsh expellant nor a laxative, but a mild and gentle cleanser. Triphala cleanses the body tissue, reduces cholesterol, high blood pressure, improves circulation and regulates elimination.
This combination of fruits is unique because the astringent qualities of the fruits serve to tonify the colon therefore promoting internal cleansing naturally. This is highly recommended for anyone doing a detox program.
Triphala is available in capsules now in health food stores. There is No known interactions between herb and allopathic drugs. No Safety Warnings. Triphala may be used up to six months. Adults can take two tablets 2-3 times a day between meals. Children under 10 can take the same dosage. Best used regularly to improve bowel health.
Traditional Ayurvedic Qualities and Uses of Triphala
Taste: Sweet, sour, pungent, astringent, bitter
Vipaka: Sweet, Sour, Pungent
Guna: Light and dry
Dosha: Tridoshic, meaning it balances all constitutions
Prabhava: Rasayan, which means it builds Ojas, innate strength
Pharmacology: Adaptogenic, antibacterial, antiviral, anti fungal, anti yeast, antihistamine, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, blood pressure lowering, cholesterol lowering, digestive, diuretic, laxative
Indications: anemia, bowel toxicity, irregularity, Chronic lung disease, constipation, diarrhea, eye disease, High cholesterol, hypertension, indigestion, skin disorders, yeast infections
*reduces serum cholesterol,
*improves circulation (potentiates adrenergic function),
*contains 31% linoleic acid,
*exerts a marked cardio-protective effect,
*reduces high blood pressure,
*improves liver function,
*has proven anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties,
Because of its high nutritional content, Ayurvedic doctors generally do not regard Triphala as a mere laxative. Some of the scientific research and practical experience of people using it down through the ages has demonstrated that Triphala is an effective blood purifier that stimulates bile secretion as it detoxifies the liver, helps digestion and assimilation, and significantly reduces serum cholesterol and lipid levels throughout body. As a result, it is regarded as a kind of universal panacea and is the most commonly prescribed herbal formula.
1. Michael Tierra, Planetary Herbology
2. Paul Pitchford, Healing with Whole Foods, North Atlantic Books
by Mrs.Farzana Panhwar, President- The Sindh Rural Women's Up-lift Group.
Turmeric belong to family Zingiber. It is used as condiment, dye and cosmetic. It can grow from sea level to 1500mm, it needs 20-30C?temperature with rainfall 1500mm or more per annum. It thrive on sandy or clay loam, it can also grow on light black, loam red soils to clay loam. Turmeric is an annual crop, but conversion period requires 2 years. It requires 2500 Kg rhizomes per acre. It requires 2 years, minimum tillage, beds of 15cm height with 50 cm spacing between bed .It can grow in April-May under organic condition it requires 5-6 tons/hectare FYM. With neem cake 2 tons/hectare. Some time it catch shoot borer, leaf spot and leaf blotch are controlled by 1% Bordeaux mixture spray. Its varieties are matures at different times ranging from 7-9 months. Its average yield is 20-25 tons of green turmeric. Mother Rhizomes are used as seed material .Its curing involves boiling of rhizomes in fresh water and drying under the Sun. Under artificial condition it should be dried at 60C. Dried turmeric has poor appearance and rough dull color outside the surface with scales. Manual or mechanical rubbing and polishing improve appearance. Occasionally flowers come on, cylindrical spites, bearing numerous greenish white branches, which are narrow, yellowish white in color. Most cultivated varieties are sterile tripods.
The various varieties are:Amrutapani, Armoor, Duggirala, Tekkurpeta, Pattni, Deshi, Moovattupuzha, Allepey, Wynad, Rajpuri, Karhedi, Waigan, Chinnanadan, and Periandan.,Alleppey finger, Erod turmeric, Rajapore. Sangll turmeric, Nibulb, taminadu, EPTS 10,Roma, Suguna, Sudarsana , Madras, Erode, Suvarna, Suguna, Sudarsana , IISR Prabha , Rajendra Sonia, Ranga, Rasmi.,Suvarna,Suguna,Sudarsana,IISR Prabha
IISR Prathibha,Co-1,Sugandham, Krisna, BSR-1,Roma, Suroma, Rajendra Sonia, Ranga,
Long duration type (9 months)
Plant grow to 60 cm height. Rizomes are long, stout, smooth and pale yellow colour .Curcumin content 1.46%, yield 25-37 tonnes/hectare curing percentage 19.3.It is resistant to leaf blotch.
Plant grow to 60 cm height. Rizomes are long, stout, smooth and pale yellow colour .Curcumin content 1.46%, yield 25-37 tonnes/hectare curing percentage 19.3.It is resistant to leaf blotch.
Cureumin content 3.0%. Yield 25-37 tons/hactre . Curing 21.8% resistant to leaf blotch disease.
It produced fast yellow coloured rhizomes, yield up to 25 tons/hactare .
Yield 25-30 tons/hectare, rizomes are fast yellow in colour. Yield 12-18 tons/hectare.
Medium duration types (8 months)
Plant grow up-to 57cm.Rizomes are medium long cucurmin content 13.8%, yield 25-35 tons/hectare .Curing is 19.6%. It is resistant to leaf spot and susceptible to leaf blotch.
Rizomes are thick and wrinkled.Yield 15-25 tons/hactare.It is susceptible to leaf spot.
Short duration (7 months)
Plant grow up-till 50 cm, rhizomes are long, thin with shiny skin .Curcumin content 1.46%.Yield 15-20 tons/hectare, curing 26.7 %.Crop tolerant to leaf spot and resistant to leaf blotch disease
Yield 15-20 tons/hectare, rhizomes has aromatic flavour. Clone selection C1s No.2A, C1sNo.9A.G.L.Puram selection (Ca 66J, Ca 66A ) yield 23-25 tons/hectare .
Suitable for rhizome rot effected area, 190 days duration, yield 29 tons/hectare, curing 20.4%
Yield 28 tons/hectare, curing 20.6%
Early varieties matures in 7-8 months, 8-9 months and late varieties after 9 months. The average yield is 20-25 tonnes of green turmeric.
The color of rhizomes depends upon the variety. The Selection of varieties based on color, aroma, yield and resistance to pest and diseases. Volatile oil content, which provide aroma varies 2.5% to 8.1% on dry matter basis. While volatile oil which produce aroma varies from 1.8% to 5.6%, on dry matter basis. NPK fertilizer helps in improving the quantity .Its disease are leaf blotch caused by Taphirna-maculans, leaf spot caused by Collectoritcum Capsic, shoot bores-Dichocrocis punctifurolis, leaf roller, caterpillar-udapes folus are common.
Processing of green turmeric
Green turmeric cured and dried for commercial used. Then boil into 30 minutes to 3 hours (This reduces the drying time without affecting colour or volatile oil content. Washing, curing and drying helps in reducing microbial load .Boiling helps to increase the rate of drying and provide hard, filled that can be polish easily. Slicing reduces processing costs and is used for material intended for Oleoresin or powder manufacturing. The product of commerce is in the form of dried bulb, fingers or powder. The bulb form is 3 cm in diameter and 4-5 cm long, the fingers are tapering cylinders 2.5 to 7.5 cm length and 7-15mm thick.
Rhizomes are treated with 0.3% Dithan m-45 and 0.5% Malathion, spacing 25 cm X 30 cm, spacing in furrow and ridges is 45-60cm between rows and 25 cm between plants. About 2,500 Kg rhizomes are required for planting one hectare.
Varieties are divided into long and short period of growth.
It requires 7-8 cm long rhizomes, sprouting bud are selected for propagation.These rhizomes are dipped in 0.35 Dithane M-45, 0.5% Malthion for 30 minutes
About 2500 Kg finger rhizomes require per hectare .The rhizomes are 30cm apart .Planting on raise beds of 1.7cm X 1.2 m X 0.2 m length with 30 cm wide channels in between, it needs 30 X 15 cm spacing
Crop requires 300Kg N, 125KgP2O5, 200 Kg K2O per hectare. It requires 25 tones FYM.
It requires 15-20 irrigation for clay soil and 40 irrigation in sandy loam.
Insects and pests
* Shoot borer (Conogethes putictiferalis)Control with 0.1% Malathion or 0.05% Monocrotophos or Dipel 0.3% (Bacillus thuringiensis product)
* Leaf roller (Udaspes folus), control with 0.1% Carbaryl
* Rhizome scale (Aspidiella bartii), control with 0.075% twice prior to storage and sowing.
* Leaf blotch, caused by Taprina maculans , control by 0.2% Dithan M-45
* Leaf spot (Colletotriclium capsici), controled by 0.3% Zineb or 1% Bordeaux mixture
* Rhizome rot, caused by Pbytbium gramini colum control by rizome dip in 0.3%
Dithane ,M-45 solution for 30 minjutes or 0.3% Cheshunt compound
Curing of fresh rhizomes
Within a week of harvest curing process to get turmeric of commence . Mother and finger are cured separately curing process consist of boiling the rhizomes in water till fruiting occur, with emission of characteristic , turmeric odour and finger become soft, material is Sun dry for 10-15 days on hard and smooth drying floor till the rhizomes produce metallic sound. After Sun dry these are polished in rotating drum then these can be store by heaping them under the shade of trees. Heaps are covered with turmeric leaf and plastered with earth and cow dung mixture.
Hydrated lime 400Kg/Hactare has to laterite soil. Spacing in furrows and ridges is between 45-60 cm between the rows to rows 25cm
Turmeric contains Zingiberene, ar-turmerone, ar-curcumene, Sabinene, 1,8-Cineol, pinene and beta-sesquiphellandrene .There are two types of turmeric produced, one has solid and dark colour, other long, soft and light colour
Process of turmeric
The process followed: washing, boiling, blanching, cooking, drying, polishing, colouring, grading, packing and storage .Turmeric Oleoresin is the organic extract of turmeric, a ground powder from the root of the curcuma plant is added to food item as a spice and colouring agent Processing includes
* Curing, it involves boiling of fresh rhizomes in water and drying in the Sun
* Drying, cooked fingers dried in the Sun by spreading 5-7 cm thick layer on bamboo mat or drying floor. Artificial had advantages giving brighter coloured then Sun drying.
* Polishing, Is done by mechanical rubbing, polished in power-operated drum. The yield of polish turmeric from the raw material varies 12-20%
* Colouring, Attractive yellow colour, turmeric suspension in water add to polishing drum in the last 10 minutes when rhizomes are uniformly coated with suspension, they may be dried in the Sun.
* Healing properties.
* Natural cure.
* Anti HIV.
* Human Immunodeficiency.
* Phytonutrients from turmeric.
We are always looking for experts to write informative, interesting articles on alternative health, healing, the metaphysical arts, massage therapy, color therapy, yoga therapy...
Articles can be on your:
*expertise in your field.
*your knowledge in regards to healing.
*your work with clients and their energies.
* your methods, techniques and "bedside manners" to enhance health.
* knowledge you have regarding your therapies.
....so many subjects, so many articles!!
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